American Parliament – APDA Web http://apdaweb.org/ Tue, 13 Jul 2021 05:40:14 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://apdaweb.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/apda-150x150.png American Parliament – APDA Web http://apdaweb.org/ 32 32 Who are right-wing forces that have attacked Georgia’s LGBTIQ +? https://apdaweb.org/who-are-right-wing-forces-that-have-attacked-georgias-lgbtiq/ https://apdaweb.org/who-are-right-wing-forces-that-have-attacked-georgias-lgbtiq/#respond Tue, 13 Jul 2021 05:01:54 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/who-are-right-wing-forces-that-have-attacked-georgias-lgbtiq/ As citizens around the world celebrate the end of Gay Pride Month with solemn marches and parades, in Tbilisi, Georgia, organizers and activists fight for their basic right to gather. In this former Soviet republic in the Caucasus, LGBTIQ + rights have long been a litmus test for democracy and tolerance. Georgia failed this test […]]]>


As citizens around the world celebrate the end of Gay Pride Month with solemn marches and parades, in Tbilisi, Georgia, organizers and activists fight for their basic right to gather.

In this former Soviet republic in the Caucasus, LGBTIQ + rights have long been a litmus test for democracy and tolerance.

Georgia failed this test on July 5 when Tbilisi Pride organizers were faced with violence from counter-demonstrators and forced to cancel the march.

The Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili had accused the “radical opposition” of planning the Pride march in the correct order Sow “unrest”.

According to him, mobs stormed and ransacked the office the Pride organizers during Orthodox priests and Other attacked Journalists.

The police stood by and could not prevent the violence.

These events illustrate how LGBTIQ + advocates in hostile countries like Georgia must cross borders – at great personal risk – to create a public space that allows them to truly celebrate.

Pride marches, starting with Stonewall in 1969, have always been an evolution. Georgia’s LGBTIQ + movement is rushing headlong into this clash, but is also gaining some support in the process.

The day after the violence broke out, over 7,000 people with rainbow flags marched across the capital’s main street to the Georgian parliament. This show of solidarity with the LGBTIQ + community was bold and unprecedented.

Just a few weeks before Tbilisi Pride is the ultra-conservative Georgian activist Levan Vasadzead joined the group who organized the counter-demonstrations held a press conference at the Tbilisi Marriott Hotel.

American anti-LGBT activist Brian Brown sat next to Vasadze when he announced his intention to enter Georgian politics. The moment embodies how US President Joe Biden tries to normalize US foreign policy, Trump allies continue to work to promote illiberalism abroad.

Bannon and Trump

Brown swore at the press conference to support Vasadze in the US, including from Steve Bannon, and at the same time teased the promise of support for “President Trump himself”.

Brown did all of this despite the fact that his nonprofit 501 (c) 3, the International Organization for the Family, which includes the World Family Congress, excluded from the election campaign for or against political candidates under US law. The American authorities should take action.

Brown was first in the late zeros with his. known Campaign against same-sex marriage in California and its creation of the National Organization for Marriage.

After losing the battle against same-sex marriage in the United States, he turned his attention to overseas Become president of the World Family Congress 2016.

Remarkably, Brown was chosen for this position announced while he was in Tbilisi at a WCF conference where anti-LGBT forces gathered to “build a bridgehead in the region”. In addition to his collaboration with Vasadze, Brown cultivated relations with illiberal leaders in Europe such as the Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban and earlier Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini.

The WCF was Founded in Russia in 1997 at a meeting between Allan Carlson, an American academic and former Reagan administration official, and Russian intellectuals.

WCF was named Anti-LGBTI hate group from the Southern Poverty Law Center. Brown continues to maintain ties with Russia, and after Donald Trump was elected president, he worked to unite Russian and American conservatives.

Links to the Kremlin are also shared by Levan Vasadze, who made his fortune in Russia. Alexander Dugin, a Russian ultra-nationalist widely considered the Kremlin’s chief ideologist – his Nickname is “Putin’s Brain”-is a close partner. The two met immediately after Vasadze started his political movement last month.

Vasadse’s attacks on the Georgian LGBTI community are well documented.

2019 he organized illegal gangs to dissolve the first Tbilisi Pride.

Brian Brown was in Tbilisi and joined Vasadze in front of a crowd Gathered on the steps of a church to protest the pride march. Although Vasadze was investigated by the Interior Ministry for setting up vigilante patrols, there were no consequences.

That year, Vasadze reiterated his threats to the organizers and the government to great effect. Tbilisi Pride was canceled due to violent intimidation, likely sparked by rhetoric from Vasadze and Garibashvili.

To combat this wave of repression, Georgian officials must condemn the violence and prosecute those responsible. And the US authorities must hold Americans responsible for the damage they do to democracy abroad in violation of US law and human rights.





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Before & After Funkadelics “Maggot Brain” https://apdaweb.org/before-after-funkadelics-maggot-brain/ https://apdaweb.org/before-after-funkadelics-maggot-brain/#respond Mon, 12 Jul 2021 01:00:10 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/before-after-funkadelics-maggot-brain/ On more than three dozen virtuoso, genre-blurring studio albums released from 1970 to 1982, George Clinton and the members of his exuberant Parliament-Funkadelic collective formed the backbone and shook the spoils of modern groove. Founded in 1955 by singers near a New Jersey barbershop, the group began as a Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers-style doo-wop […]]]>


On more than three dozen virtuoso, genre-blurring studio albums released from 1970 to 1982, George Clinton and the members of his exuberant Parliament-Funkadelic collective formed the backbone and shook the spoils of modern groove. Founded in 1955 by singers near a New Jersey barbershop, the group began as a Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers-style doo-wop act before turning to Detroit soul. Ultimately, they soaked up the culture of the late 1960s like sponges.

Parliaments morphed from a Motown aspiring singing group in matching ties and handkerchiefs to freaky hippies in bell bottoms, headgear, and the occasional American flag diaper. They were set on fire by psychedelic rockers like Jimi Hendrix and Cream; they hung out with punks like the MC5 and the Stooges; they enjoyed black power, free love, and underground comics. “Free your mind and your ass will follow,” they famously sang. “The kingdom of heaven is within.”

Funkadelic’s third album “Maggot Brain” was not a Technicolor game. It was the sound of the Woodstock dream postponed. The band emerged screaming from the shadows of Vietnam, the race riots in their old home New Jersey and their new home in Detroit, a heroin epidemic, poverty, Kent State and the death of Hendrix himself, whose death was full of symbolism.

The album was released 50 years ago, in July 1971, during a summer marked by the release of two more ambitious masterpieces of protest soul: the introspective reportage of Marvin Gaye’s “What’s Going On” and the brooding disenchantment of Sly and the Family Stones “There is an insurrection going on.” But “Maggot Brain” exists on another astral plane. It’s unleashed and broken through the lens of LSD: 36 minutes of swirling jams, apocalyptic sound effects, heavy metal riffs, hard funk, and lyrical mashups by the Beatles and Martin Luther King Jr. The album cover is provocative – a screaming Black woman in front of the gate , and inside, text from the trial Church of the Last Judgment, the religious group is said to have ties to Charles Manson.

The work Clinton and his band released over the next decade would change the basis of modern hip-hop: you couldn’t turn on the radio in the 90s without hearing a slow-rolling rap song that was on a P-funk sample was built. But thanks to its Blacker-than-Sabbath atmospheres and transcendent solos, “Maggot Brain” has a unique sphere of influence among rock bands, R&B songwriters and jazz artists. In 2021, his legacy will be even more noticeable in the ever-evolving protest music from artists such as Kendrick Lamar, D’Angelo, Solange and Brittany Howard.

Here is an audio guide to the seven songs on the album, as well as the before and after songs.

All music previews and full tracks provided by
Spotify.



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Haiti President Killing Live Updates: Haitian Officials Request U.S. Forces https://apdaweb.org/haiti-president-killing-live-updates-haitian-officials-request-u-s-forces/ https://apdaweb.org/haiti-president-killing-live-updates-haitian-officials-request-u-s-forces/#respond Sat, 10 Jul 2021 00:46:59 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/?p=646 Here’s what you need to know: The police used extreme caution in moving suspects on Thursday in the assassination of Haiti’s president, Jovenel Moïse, in the capital, Port-au-Prince.Credit…Jean Marc Herve Abelard/EPA, via Shutterstock Haitian government officials took the extraordinary step of requesting that the United States send in troops to protect Haiti’s port, airport, gasoline […]]]>


Credit…Jean Marc Herve Abelard/EPA, via Shutterstock

Haitian government officials took the extraordinary step of requesting that the United States send in troops to protect Haiti’s port, airport, gasoline reserves and other key infrastructure as the country has descended into turmoil in the wake of the brazen assassination of President Jovenel Moïse early Wednesday morning.

Haiti has a history of unwanted American military interventions. But fears have been growing that unrest in the streets and political turmoil after the attack could worsen what is already the country’s worst crisis in years. Haiti is plagued by political intrigue, gang violence, a public health crisis driven by the pandemic and difficulties delivering essential international aid.

The Haitian minister of elections, Mathias Pierre, said the request was made because President Biden and Secretary of State Antony Blinken had promised to help Haiti.

A deputy State Department spokeswoman, Jalina Porter, told a news briefing on Friday that she could not confirm such a request. The White House press secretary, Jen Psaki, did say that the United States would be sending senior F.B.I. and homeland security officials to Port-au-Prince “as soon as possible” to determine how to assist Haiti.

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White House Says U.S. Law Enforcement Will Be Sent to Haiti

The White House press secretary, Jen Psaki, said the Biden administration would respond to the Haitian government’s request and send U.S. law enforcement officials to assist after the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse.

The United States remains engaged and in close consultations with our Haitian and international partners to support the Haitian people in the aftermath of the assassination of the president. In response to the Haitian government’s request for security and investigative assistance, we will be sending senior F.B.I. and D.H.S. officials to Port-au-Prince as soon as possible to assess the situation and how we may be able to assist. Our assistance is to help the people of Haiti and to help them get through what is a very challenging time, and has long been even before the assassination of the president. So the investigation is not going to impact the assistance we’re providing to the people of Haiti. But as I announced at the beginning, we are sending because supporting law enforcement efforts on the ground and making sure we are providing resources in terms of women and manpower, but also financial resources is part of what our objective is as well.

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The White House press secretary, Jen Psaki, said the Biden administration would respond to the Haitian government’s request and send U.S. law enforcement officials to assist after the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse.

Haitian authorities have said the assassination involved “foreign” forces, and the police have identified more than two dozen people involved in the assassination of the president, including 26 Colombians and two Americans of Haitian descent.

Colombia’s president asked several of the country’s top intelligence officials and an officer from Interpol’s central office in Colombia to travel to Haiti to assist with the investigation, Colombia’s defense department said on Friday.

Mr. Pierre, the Haitian minister of elections, said the country had already been facing a large problem with “urban terrorists” who might use the opportunity to attack key infrastructure in the country while the police are focused on their manhunt.

“The group that financed the mercenaries want to create chaos in the country,” he said. “Attacking the gas reserves and airport might be part of the plan.”

Robenson Geffrard, a reporter for Le Nouvelliste, one of the country’s leading newspapers, said a “sense of uncertainty” and the “shadow of violence” was looming over the capital, Port-au-Prince, raising fears that Friday was but a fleeting interlude before the situation spirals out of control again.

“In supermarkets and public markets, people are jostling” to stock up on basic goods such as rice and pasta, Mr. Geffrard said, and there are lines at stations selling propane gas, often used for cooking.

The country is enmeshed in a constitutional crisis, with a nonfunctioning Parliament and competing claims over leadership. The Caribbean nation’s interim prime minister, Claude Joseph, says he has taken command of the police and the army. But the president, days before his death, had appointed a new prime minister, Ariel Henry. Mr. Henry told a local newspaper after the assassination that he was the rightful prime minister.

The situation has been further complicated by the pandemic. While there are many legal uncertainties, in the past the country’s top justice has been expected to fill any void in the political leadership. But that justice, René Sylvestre, died of Covid-19 in June.

Haiti, the only country in the Americas with no active Covid-19 inoculation campaign, has virtually no vaccine doses, and public health experts say that the coronavirus is far more widespread there than publicly reported.

Ms. Psaki said the United States would be sending vaccines to Haiti, possibly as early as next week.

With the prospect of greater turmoil looming, international observers worry that a growing humanitarian crisis could lead to the kind of exodus that has previously followed natural disasters, coups and other periods of deep instability.

The Pan American Health Organization said in a statement that the crisis was “creating a perfect storm, because the population has lowered its guard, the infrastructure of Covid-19 beds has been reduced, the security situation could deteriorate even further and hurricane season has started.”

General Luis Fernando Navarro, center, the commander of the Colombian armed forces, and General Jorge Luis Vargas, right, the head of the national police, at a news conference on Friday about former Colombian soldiers accused of participating in the assassination of Haiti’s president, Jovenel Moïse.
Credit…Ivan Valencia/Associated Press

A clearer picture of the group that Haiti accuses of assassinating President Jovenel Moïse emerged on Friday as officials in the Colombian defense ministry identified 13 suspects by name and said all were former members of the Colombian military.

Two had been killed, the officials said, and the other 11 were in custody, and they said some had traveled to Haiti as early as May.

In the past, some former members of the Colombian military, which receives heavy financial support and training from the U.S. military, have acted as hired guns following their service.

Colombians are attractive to those looking for military help because they often have years of experience fighting left-wing guerrillas and narcotraffickers inside their own country — and are often trained by U.S. experts.

Colombian officials condemned the attack and said they were doing everything possible to assist the Haitian government in its search for the truth. On Friday, Colombia’s defense department said that the president had asked several top Colombian intelligence officials to travel to Haiti to assist with the investigation, including the head of the national intelligence office, the head of the police intelligence office, and an officer from the Interpol central office in Colombia.

General Jorge Luis Vargas, the head of the national police, said that Colombian officials were investigating four businesses that they believed had recruited individuals for the operation, and they were using the businesses’ Colombian tax numbers to learn more.

One of the suspects, Francisco Eladio Uribe, was being investigated last year by the country’s special peace court for homicide, according to documents obtained by The New York Times. Mr. Uribe was accused of being involved in a scandal known in Colombia as “false positives,” in which hundreds of members of the military were accused of killing civilians and saying they were combat casualties in a bid to show success in the country’s long civil war.

In an interview with W Radio, a woman who identified herself as Mr. Uribe’s wife said that the two had been married for 18 years and had three children, and that he had left home one day after telling her that he had “a very good job opportunity.” She identified the company that employed him only as “C.T.U.”

She said her husband had been investigated but exonerated in the military scandal.

Colombian officials said that some of the accused left Bogotá as early as May, and flew to Panama before traveling to the Dominican Republic and then to Haiti. Others, the officials said, arrived in the Dominican Republican in early June, and then traveled to Haiti. The two countries share the same Caribbean island, Hispaniola.

General Luis Fernando Navarro said that the accused individuals had left the military between about 2002 and 2018, and that they were involved in “mercenary activities” with “purely economic” motives.

It is not clear whether the individuals recruited for the operation knew the specifics of the task they were being assigned, according to John Marulanda, the head of the association for retired military officials.

The idea that people would sign up for such a risky operation “doesn’t make sense, from a military perspective,” Mr. Marulanda said.

Paul Angelo, a fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations who studies security issues, said that Colombians had a history of being recruited into criminal tasks because they sometimes had limited options once they left the armed forces.

“Colombia is a country that for far too long had military conscription, which fell on the shoulders of the poorest men in the country,” he said. “When an economic underclass is taught how to fight and how to conduct military operations and little else, those skills don’t transfer readily to the civilian sector except in the private security realm.”

A former officer in Colombia’s army, who asked not to be identified, said that a mercenary who traveled abroad could easily be paid about $2,700 a month, compared with a military salary of about $300 a month — even for soldiers with years of combat experience.

“It’s not just Haiti, it’s Kabul, Mexico, Yemen, Emirates,” he said in a telephone interview, listing where former Colombian soldiers have gone.

Reporting was contributed from Colombia by Sofía Villamil in Cartagena and Edinson Bolaños in Bogotá.

Haitians returned to the streets and markets of Port-au-Prince on Friday, three days after the assassination of the president. <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2021/07/07/world/americas/haiti-president-assassinated-killed.html"><br /></a>
Credit…Jean Marc Herve Abelard/EPA, via Shutterstock

The usually crowded streets of Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital, returned to some normalcy on Friday, three days after the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse, according to a local journalist.

“But it’s a precarious, apparent calm, it can go awry at any moment,” said the journalist, Robenson Geffrard, a reporter for Le Nouvelliste, one of the country’s leading newspapers.

Mr. Geffrard said that economic activity had resumed. Street vendors were out; supermarkets, gas stations and banks reopened; and public transportation and public administration tentatively picked up.

So had gang violence, he said, an integral part of Haitians’ daily lives.

“Armed gangs resumed hostilities with a lot of bursts of automatic weapons,” Mr. Geffrard said, adding that there was gang fighting along one of the main roads connecting the south of Port-au-Prince to the surrounding provinces.

A “sense of uncertainty” was looming over the capital, he said.

“In supermarkets and public markets, people are jostling” to stock up on basic goods such as rice and pasta, Mr. Geffrard said. Lines have appeared in front of stations selling propane gas, which is often used for cooking.

Mr. Geffrard said that in the hours after the assassination, the shock and fear were such that people deserted the streets, turning Port-au-Prince into a ghost town.

A video he posted on Twitter on Thursday showed the usually bustling suburb of Pétionville, where the presidential residence is, almost empty of people, with only a few motorcycles venturing out on the roads.

The silence in the capital was broken on Thursday only when crowds of protesters gathered outside of a police station to demand justice for the suspects the police had arrested in the search for the president’s killers. A video from Agence France Presse showed protesters shouting slogans in front of a police station while cars and tires were being burned in nearby streets.

“There is still this specter of violence, of insecurity that haunts the minds of the population,” Mr. Geffrard said.

During a news conference on Thursday, the interim prime minister, Claude Joseph, called on businesses to reopen despite the 15-day “state of siege” he imposed, essentially putting the country under martial law.

“It is true that there is a state of siege, but I want to tell everyone to resume economic activities,” Mr. Joseph said, as he also ordered the reopening of Port-au-Prince’s Toussaint Louverture international airport.

A crowd surrounded a police vehicle carrying two suspects in Port-au-Prince on Thursday.
Credit…Jean Marc Herve Abelard/EPA, via Shutterstock

Two Americans arrested in connection with the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse of Haiti this week said that they were not in the room when he was killed and that they had worked only as translators for the hit squad, a Haitian judge said on Friday.

Clément Noël, a judge who is involved with the investigation and who interviewed both men soon after their arrest, said that neither was injured in the assault.

One of the Americans was identified as James J. Solages, a U.S. citizen who lived in South Florida and previously worked as a security guard at the Canadian Embassy in Haiti. The other was identified as Joseph Vincent, 55.

Judge Noël, speaking by telephone, said that he could not provide details on the wider plot or a possible motive, but said the two Americans maintained that the plot had been planned intensively for a month.

The Americans, he said, would meet with other members of the squad at an upscale hotel in Pétionville, a suburb of Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital, to plan the attack. He said they had relayed that the goal was not to kill the president but to bring him to the national palace.

Mr. Moïse was shot dead in his private residence on the outskirts of the capital around 1 a.m. on Wednesday, his body riddled with bullets.

Judge Noël said the Americans had been taken into custody after a shootout with police that resulted in the death of two Colombians.

When they were taken into custody, they had in their possession weapons, clothes, food and other paraphernalia used in the assault.

Judge Noël said that it was Mr. Solages who had yelled that the assailants were agents of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency over a loudspeaker at the start of the assault.

Mr. Vincent said he had been in the country for six months and that he had been staying with a cousin. Mr. Solages said he had been in Haiti for a month.

The men said the Colombians involved in the plot had been in the country for about three months.

All that Mr. Vincent would say about the broader plot was that the mastermind was a foreigner named “Mike” who spoke Spanish and English. Mr. Solages said that he had found the job to translate for the hit squad in a listing posted online. They would not say how much they had been paid.

Judge Noël said Mr. Solages had “replied in a very evasive manner.”

As the Haitian security forces continued to hunt for suspects in Mr. Moïse’s assassination, the interview offered the clues into who carried out the operation. Most of those in custody are Colombian, the authorities say, and include retired members of the military.

The body of another mercenary was found on Thursday around 10 a.m., on the roof of a private residence in Pétionville. The man, presumed a Colombian, was hit by a single bullet in his left side and killed, despite the fact he was wearing a bulletproof vest, said a justice of the peace, Phidélito Dieudonné. The man had climbed the security wall of the home, and then used a ladder to get up on the roof, Mr. Dieudonné said. He had no firearm or identity documents on him, but a couple of license plates had been dropped to the courtyard.

At a news conference announcing the arrests on Thursday, the authorities had singled out the Americans as they sat on the floor with their hands handcuffed behind their backs. It was not clear what evidence the Haitian authorities had against the two men, when they had entered the country and what their connection might be to those identified as Colombian.

Mr. Solages, 35, is a native of Jacmel, a city in southern Haiti, and lived in Broward County, the Florida county that includes Fort Lauderdale. He was the president of a small charity organization that said it focused on giving grants to women in his home city. But federal tax records show that he claimed to work 60 hours a week on an organization that in 2019 took in just over $11,000.

The organization, Jacmel First, says that its primary objective is reducing poverty and promoting education and better health systems in Haiti. His biography on his website said that he was a consultant, building engineer and “certified diplomatic agent.”

He also claimed to be chief commander of the bodyguards for the Canadian Embassy in Haiti. A Canadian government official said that Mr. Solages was briefly a reserve officer for a security company that had a contract to protect the embassy in 2010.

By the end of Thursday, as photographs of Mr. Solages in custody in Haiti circulated online, the charity group’s website had been taken down. So was a Facebook page that showed Mr. Solages in sharp suits.

Asked about the president’s murder and Mr. Solages’s arrest, Jean Milot Berquin, of Jacmel First’s board members, said, “I’m so sorry about that,” and declined to comment further.

While the biography on Mr. Solages’s charity website paints him as a professional and politician, his LinkedIn profile lists an entirely different set of jobs that sound more like maintenance positions.

His online résumé says that he has an associate degree from a technical college and is a plant operations director at a senior living facility in Lantana, Fla. (Company officials did not respond to requests for comment.)

State corporation records show that he owns maintenance company whose address was the same as the charity’s: a second-floor office above a restaurant in a strip mall. The office is now occupied by someone else.

Mr. Solages’s Twitter account, which has been dormant for over a year, includes inspirational quotes like “Don’t let nobody tell you that you are aiming too high or expecting too much of yourself, with both Mars, your ruler, and the Sun about to move to your favor, you should in fact expecting more of yourself then (sic) ever before.”

Bocchit Edmond, the Haitian envoy to the United States, has called for sanctions under the Magnitsky Act.
Credit…Carolyn Kaster/Associated Press

Haiti’s ambassador to the United States has formally requested that the Biden administration impose human rights sanctions on those behind the assassination of the country’s president, Jovenel Moïse.

In a letter to Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken dated Wednesday, Haiti’s envoy to Washington, Bocchit Edmond, said his government was asking the United States to impose sanctions under the Global Magnitsky Act “on all perpetrators who are directly responsible or aided and abetted in the execution of the assassination of the president.”

Congress passed the Global Magnitsky Act in 2016 to penalize foreign government officials for human rights abuses in any country, following the death of a Russian tax lawyer, Sergei Magnitsky, in a Russian prison in 2009.

Mr. Edmond and other Haitian officials have said they believe “foreigners” were behind the plot to murder Mr. Moïse, who was gunned down in his residence early Wednesday morning. At least 19 people, including 17 Colombians and two American citizens, have been detained in Haiti in connection with the attack.

Mr. Edmond’s letter also details his government’s previously known request for American assistance with its investigation into the killing. He said the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s international operations office and the Department of Justice “can play a critical role in rendering justice.”

During a Friday briefing for reporters, the State Department’s deputy spokeswoman, Jalina Porter, said the Biden administration was “committed to cooperating with Haitian authorities” but did not provide more detail.

Ms. Porter referred questions about the detained Americans to Haitian authorities, citing “privacy considerations,” and also referred questions about the detained Colombians to officials of that country.

A protest on Thursday near the police station in the Pétionville suburb of Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
Credit…Richard Pierrin/Getty Images

After 24 hours filled with intense standoffs and gun battles, the police said they had identified more than two dozen people involved in the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse this week, including 26 Colombians and two Americans of Haitian descent.

Mr. Moïse’s chief bodyguards have been called for questioning as part of the investigation into the president’s murder, said Bedford Claude, chief public prosecutor in Port-au-Prince, the Haitian capital. He said he had issued summons for the head of presidential guard, Jean Laguel Civil, security chief for the presidential palace, Dimitri Hérard and two other top presidential bodyguards to appear for questioning next Wednesday.

One of the main questions surrounding Mr. Moïse’s murder is how the assassins managed to enter the residence of Haiti’s most guarded man without apparently encountering resistance from dozens of bodyguards protecting him.

The authorities have so far offered no clue as to who might have organized the operation or a motive for the attack, but they have pointed to “foreign” involvement, and arrested 19 people, including two Americans and 17 Colombians.

On Friday, the Taiwanese authorities said that 11 heavily armed people had been arrested a day earlier on the grounds of its embassy in Port-au-Prince, about a mile from the assassination. Joanne Ou, a spokeswoman for Taiwan’s foreign ministry, said the Haitian police were investigating.

In the aftermath of the assassination, at least two people killed in clashes with police were also identified as Colombians.

Colombia’s defense minister, Diego Molano, said initial information suggested that the people from his country in custody were retired members of the Colombian military.

On Friday, President Iván Duque of Colombia said that he had spoken with Haiti’s interim prime minister, Claude Joseph. “We expressed our solidarity and support at this time,” Mr. Duque said on Twitter. “We offered full collaboration to find the truth about the material and intellectual authors of the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse.”

Mr. Joseph said he had taken command of the police and the army. But the president, days before his death, had appointed a new prime minister, Ariel Henry. Mr. Henry told a local newspaper after the assassination that he was the rightful prime minister.

Despite declaring what is essentially martial law and imposing a curfew, Mr. Joseph asked people to return to work on Friday. Airports resumed commercial flights, according to a statement from the U.S. Embassy.

More than a dozen of the suspects — some with physical injuries — were paraded before the cameras at a late-night news conference on Thursday. At least six other suspects are on the run, the authorities said.

“We are pursuing them,” said Haiti’s police chief, Léon Charles, before a phalanx of politicians and police officers.

U.S. Marines guarding Haitians outside Port-au-Prince in February 1920. In 1915, President Woodrow Wilson sent the Marines to protect U.S. interests after the assassination of the Haitian president.
Credit…Bettmann, via Getty Images

The Haitian government’s extraordinary request for U.S. forces to help stabilize the country in the aftermath of the assassination of its president carries haunting vestiges from American military interventions that happened more than a century ago.

Back then, however, the United States dispatched forces without an invitation from Haiti. The American government was motivated by Haiti’s internal turmoil and a willingness to meddle in the affairs of neighbors to protect its own interests under the Monroe Doctrine.

In 1915, President Woodrow Wilson sent the Marines into Haiti, calling the invasion a justifiable response to avert anarchy after Haiti’s president, Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, was assassinated by a mob. The American military stayed for nearly two decades.

But even before that, Mr. Wilson saw fit to take military action in Haiti, worried about what his administration saw as the growing influence of Germany there, according to a historical page about the U.S. interventions on the State Department archive website.

In 1914, his administration sent in Marines who removed $500,000 from the Haitian National Bank for what the administration called “safekeeping” in New York, giving the United States control of the bank, the website said.

Eighty years later, President Bill Clinton ordered more than 23,000 U.S. troops sent to Haiti in what was termed “Operation Restore Democracy,” aimed at ensuring a transition that would return ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power.

In 2004, President George W. Bush sent in the Marines as part of an “interim international force” after Mr. Aristide resigned under intense U.S. pressure.

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Assassins in Haiti Claimed to Be D.E.A.

In videos filmed from nearby buildings and synchronized by the The New York Times, the group of commandos who appeared to be arriving to assassinate President Jovenel Moïse shouted that they were part of a U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency operation.

OK, they say, Everybody do not shoot. They say they are not our enemies, everybody do not shoot. This is a D.E.A. operation. This is a D.E.A. operation. This is a D.E.A. operation. Keep moving, guys. Keep moving. Keep. moving. Keep moving.

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In videos filmed from nearby buildings and synchronized by the The New York Times, the group of commandos who appeared to be arriving to assassinate President Jovenel Moïse shouted that they were part of a U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency operation.

Two videos filmed at the same time from separate buildings near Haiti’s presidential compound suggest that the group who killed President Jovenel Moïse claimed to be agents from the United States Drug Enforcement Administration.

The videos appear to show the assailants arriving near Mr. Moïse’s residence. A witness on one video claims to see the assailants disarming some of Mr. Moïse’s guards stationed nearby.

In the videos, about a dozen armed men can be seen walking slowly up a main street in the Pèlerin 5 neighborhood alongside at least eight vehicles — a mix of sport utility vehicles and trucks. The men appear calm and do not encounter resistance or try to hide.

Over a loudspeaker, a male voice shouts multiple times in English: “This is a D.E.A. operation! Everybody, don’t shoot!”

He repeats the command in Creole.

The D.E.A. has an office in Port-au-Prince to help Haiti’s government “develop and strengthen its counternarcotics law enforcement program,” according to the U.S. Embassy. But Haiti’s ambassador to the United States, Bocchit Edmond, told Reuters that the gunmen had falsely identified themselves as D.E.A. agents. “No way they were D.E.A. agents,” he said.

The attack “was carried out by foreign mercenaries and professional killers,” Mr. Edmond said in Washington.

In one of the two videos, the man holding the camera comments on what is unfolding, saying that the armed men are coming to the president’s home.

“They’ve taken Jovenel. Jovenel is gone,” he says, referring to Mr. Moïse by his first name, as shouting can be heard in the distance. “Don’t you see the guys disarming the Jovenel guys?”

A police patrol in Port-au-Prince on Thursday.
Credit…Valerie Baeriswyl/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

The Taiwanese authorities said on Friday that 11 heavily armed people had been arrested on Thursday on the grounds of its embassy in Port-au-Prince, about a mile from where President Jovenel Moïse of Haiti was assassinated.

It was not immediately clear whether the people arrested at the embassy were involved in the assassination. Joanne Ou, a spokeswoman for Taiwan’s foreign ministry, said the Haitian police were still looking into the matter.

In a separate statement posted on Friday, Taiwan’s Embassy in Haiti condemned the assassination as “cruel and barbaric” and referred to those arrested on its grounds as “mercenaries.”

Ms. Ou, the spokeswoman, said that on Thursday morning, security personnel had discovered a group of “fully armed, suspicious-looking individuals” breaking through the embassy’s security perimeter and had immediately notified the police and embassy staff.

She said that no embassy personnel were on the grounds when the intruders were discovered, because they had been instructed to work from home shortly after the assassination in the early hours of Wednesday.

Ms. Ou said embassy officials had immediately agreed to allow the Haitian police to enter the grounds to conduct a search and make arrests.

By 4 p.m. on Thursday, the police had arrested the suspects, she said, adding that no one was harmed and that an initial inspection indicated only minimal property damage.

It was not immediately clear whether the 11 people detained at the embassy were included in the group of 19 suspects who the Haitian authorities say have been arrested in connection with the assassination.

Haiti is one of only 15 nations to have full diplomatic relations with Taiwan, a self-governed island claimed by China. Taiwan’s embassy in Port-au-Prince is in Pétion-Ville, the suburb where Mr. Moïse was killed.

“At this difficult time,” Ms. Ou said, “the government of Taiwan reiterates its support for interim Prime Minister Claude Joseph in leading Haiti to overcome this crisis and restore democratic order.”

Haiti was gripped by unease on Friday after the nation’s president was killed at his home on the outskirts of Port-au-Prince earlier in the week. There are questions about who is in charge of the Caribbean nation even as the coronavirus is spreading and armed gangs wield growing power.

Bullet holes in a wall at the home of President Jovenel Moïse on Wednesday.
Credit…Jean Marc Herve Abelard/EPA, via Shutterstock

The presidential house peppered with holes and littered with bullet casings. The front doors badly damaged. The president’s body lying on the floor at the foot of his bed, “bathed in blood.”

The Haitian justice of the peace who arrived at the home of President Jovenel Moïse in the hours after his assassination on Wednesday described a haunting scene.

“There were 12 holes visible in the body of the president that I could see,” the justice, Carl Henri Destin, told The New York Times. “He was riddled with bullets.”

In the days after the assassination, the Caribbean country was still reeling, and as details of the assassination emerged, they seemed to offer more questions than answers.

Forty to 50 people were involved in the assault, and they appeared to have been well-trained, State Department officials told members of Congress on Thursday, according to three people familiar with the briefing who spoke on the condition of anonymity. That report was in keeping with earlier comments by the Haitian ambassador to the United States, Bocchit Edmond, who described the attackers as “professionals, killers, commandos” in a call with reporters.

The assailants made it past two police checkpoints before reaching the president’s gate, the State Department said, according to people familiar with the briefing, adding that the security personnel guarding the president’s residence had suffered no injuries.

There were also said to be no reports of an exchange of gunfire between the guards and the attackers — which raised some eyebrows.

“It’s weird that there was no one was fighting back,” said Laurent Lamothe, a former prime minister of Haiti, noting that the presidential guard usually had a detachment of about 100 officers. “There was a lot of shooting, but no deaths. The only death was the president.”

One American lawmaker, Representative Andy Levin, a co-chair of the House Haiti Caucus who is a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said the circumstances of the attack, and particularly the apparent lack of fighting, raised questions about whether the assassination could have been “an inside job.”

Mr. Destin, the justice of the peace, said the president’s house had been ransacked. “Drawers were pulled out, papers were all over the ground, bags were open,” he said. “They were looking for something apparently.”

And the attack, he said, had been very violent.

President Moïse had been dressed in a white shirt and jeans, he said, both of which were torn and covered in blood. Bullet holes perforated his arms, hip, backside and left ear.

Mr. Destin said two of the president’s children had been present during the attack. He took a statement from the president’s 24-year-old daughter, who had returned to the house from the hospital to collect clothing for her wounded mother.

She told him that she and her younger brother had hid together in his bathroom, Mr. Destin said.

The international airport in Port-au-Prince is resuming commercial flights on Friday, two days after the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse of Haiti led to its closure and a series of canceled flights.

Christopher D. Johnson, a spokesman for the American Embassy in Port-au-Prince, confirmed in a statement that flights would resume on Friday. The facility, Toussaint Louverture International Airport, first closed early Wednesday, Mr. Johnson said.

Among the U.S. airlines that operate flights between the United States and Haiti are American Airlines, JetBlue and Spirit. JetBlue, which averages five flights per day between the United States and Haiti, has suspended flights until at least Saturday, a spokesman said, and is evaluating the situation.

“If and when we add flights before Sunday, we will reach out to customers to inform them,” said the spokesman, Derek Dombrowski. The Haiti-based Sunrise Airways, which flies within the Caribbean, grounded all flights until further notice.

American Airlines operates two daily flights from Miami and one daily flight from Fort Lauderdale, Fla. The airline said it planned to operate both flights out of Miami but was still evaluating Fort Lauderdale flights because of “early timing.”

On Thursday, a day after declaring a “state of siege” and a curfew, Claude Joseph, the interim prime minister, asked people to return to work and ordered the airport reopened.

The Dominican Republic’s president, Luís Abinader, had closed the country’s border with Haiti and also increased security, causing dozens of trucks to back up along the crucial passageway, according to The Associated Press.

Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, in 2017.
Credit…Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

Haiti has been thwarted by outside interests from its very foundation as a country.

For decades, European powers, and later the United States, refused to recognize it as an independent republic.

The Caribbean nation became the world’s first Black-led republic when it declared its independence from France on New Year’s Day 1804. That day, Saint-Domingue, once France’s richest colony, known as the “Pearl of the Antilles,” became Haiti.

It was a land long coveted for its riches of sugar, coffee and cotton, brought to market by enslaved people. Its declaration of independence meant that, for the first time, a brutally enslaved people had wrenched their freedom from colonial masters. But it came only after decades of bloody war.

In 1825, more than two decades after independence, the king of France, Charles X, sent warships to the capital, Port-au-Prince, and forced Haiti to compensate former French colonists for their lost property.

Haiti, unable to pay the hefty sum, was forced into a debt that it had to shoulder for nearly a century. Throughout the 19th century, a period marked by political and economic instability, the country invested little in its infrastructure or education.

In 1915, U.S. troops invaded after a mob killed the Haitian president.

The United States later justified its occupation as an attempt to restore order and prevent what it said was a looming invasion by French or German forces. But U.S. troops reintroduced forced labor on road-construction projects and were later accused of extrajudicial killings.

The widely unpopular occupation ended in 1934, but U.S. control over Haiti’s finances lasted until 1947.

After a series of midcentury coups, the Duvalier family, father-and-son dictators, reigned over Haiti with brute force until the 1980s. Their regime plunged Haiti deeper into debt, and introduced the so-called Tontons Macoutes, an infamous secret police force that terrorized the country.

In the early 1990s, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a former Roman Catholic priest, was elected president. He was then ousted twice from power over the next 15 years.

Haiti, with a population of 11 million, is considered the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.

In 2010, it suffered a devastating earthquake that claimed the lives of about 300,000 people. The country never really recovered, and it has remained mired in economic underdevelopment and insecurity. A cholera outbreak in 2016, linked to U.N. peacekeepers, killed at least 10,000 Haitians and sickened another 800,000.

Then early Wednesday, Jovenel Moïse, who became president in 2017, was assassinated at his residence.





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Haiti’s President Jovenel Moise assassinated: four suspects killed, two detained https://apdaweb.org/haitis-president-jovenel-moise-assassinated-four-suspects-killed-two-detained/ https://apdaweb.org/haitis-president-jovenel-moise-assassinated-four-suspects-killed-two-detained/#respond Thu, 08 Jul 2021 10:49:00 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/haitis-president-jovenel-moise-assassinated-four-suspects-killed-two-detained/ Speaking to CNN en Español, Ambassador Bocchit Edmond said on Wednesday evening that the suspects are foreigners and that the Haitian National Police are in the process of determining their nationality. “We’re trying to move forward and see how we can identify more of those who were involved in this horrific act,” he said. It […]]]>


Speaking to CNN en Español, Ambassador Bocchit Edmond said on Wednesday evening that the suspects are foreigners and that the Haitian National Police are in the process of determining their nationality.

“We’re trying to move forward and see how we can identify more of those who were involved in this horrific act,” he said.

It comes after President Moise was killed in an attack on his private home early Wednesday. The attackers stormed Moise’s house around 1 a.m. and mortally wounded the head of state.

Haiti’s first lady, Martine Moise, was shot in the attack and evacuated to a Miami hospital for treatment, according to Edmond, who said her condition was stable but critical. Pictures showed the first lady on a stretcher that arrived at Jackson Health System’s Ryder Trauma Center in Miami.

Moises death takes place against a. instead of Extreme violence background in the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince, which claimed the lives of many citizens and escalated, especially in June. Acting Prime Minister Claude Joseph, who had declared the country under siege, described the attack as a “heinous, inhuman and barbaric act” and asked the citizens to remain calm.

The police have not publicly identified the suspected attackers and little is known about who committed the attack.

Ambassador Edmond said he believed the suspects received help from Haitian nationals in driving vehicles to the president’s residence where the president was killed. He had previously referred to them as “mercenaries” and “well-trained killers”.

Videos of the scene showed they spoke Spanish and presented themselves as agents of the Drug and Enforcement Administration (DEA), he said.

“I think they are fake DEA agents,” he told reporters on Wednesday.

“We don’t know how they got in,” Edmond said, adding that they didn’t know if the attackers were still in the country. He said if they left it would be across a land border with the Dominican Republic as Haiti had spotted a departing plane and the airport has been closed since the attack. He said the airport will reopen “as soon as we have this situation under control”.

The state of siege is the middle of three levels of emergency under Haitian law, in addition to the lower “state of emergency” and the highest level, which is referred to as the “state of war”.

Under the siege regime, national borders are closed and martial law is temporarily imposed, with Haiti’s military and national police empowered to enforce the law.

Succession unclear

Moise, 53, was a former banana exporter and a divisive figure in Haitian politics. He spent most of the past year waging a political war with the opposition over the term of his presidency.

It is not currently clear who will replace him. Judge Jean Wilner Morin, president of the National Association of Haitian Judges, told CNN that the president’s succession in the country is now unclear.

An ambulance carrying the body of Haiti's President Jovenel Moise passes a mural depicting him near the head of state's residence in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on July 7.
Haiti’s Supreme Court President would normally be next in line, but he recently died of Covid-19. In order for incumbent Prime Minister Joseph to formally replace the president, he would have to be approved by the Haitian parliament, Morin said. But without the recent elections, parliament was practically dead.

During his presidency, Moise had repeatedly failed to hold local and national elections, leaving much of the country’s government infrastructure empty. In addition to the presidential and parliamentary elections, a constitutional referendum is to take place in September. Local and municipal elections are scheduled for January 16, 2022, as the official election calendar shows.

Many in the country had denied Moises’ right to continue serving as president this year.

Moise’s private residence is in Petion-Ville, in Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince.

While the U.S., the United Nations, and the Organization of American States backed his claim to a fifth year in office, critics say he should have resigned on Feb.7, citing a constitutional provision that starts the clock once a president is elected instead of when he takes over the office.

However, Moise claimed his five-year term should end in 2022 as he was not sworn in until February 2017. His inauguration was postponed on allegations of electoral fraud during the 2015 election, resulting in a presidential runoff that was postponed twice, which authorities termed threats and “security concerns”.

Worsening of the situation

Haiti’s capital has been suffering from violence for weeks, rival groups fighting each other or the police for control of the streets, displacing tens of thousands of people and worsening the country’s humanitarian crisis.

Ex-police officer Jimmy Cherizier swore in front of local media last week that he would carry out a “revolution” in the city.

In the meantime, the coronavirus pandemic in Haiti has worsened. The country is one of the few countries in the world that has not yet started vaccinating against the virus.

Moise sits with his wife Martine during his swearing-in ceremony in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on February 7, 2017.

Last month, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) warned that the country’s response must be expanded dramatically to deal with escalating cases, hospital admissions and deaths. Haiti has reported more than 19,000 Covid-19 cases and 467 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University.

At the same time, the impoverished Caribbean country is facing a grim economic situation. The economy had already shrunk before the pandemic, shrinking a further 3.8% in 2020, with around 60% of the population now living in poverty, according to the World Bank.

UNICEF, the United Nations Children’s Fund, said in May that severe acute malnutrition among children in Haiti is expected to more than double this year due to increased violence, Covid-19 and a lack of access to basic services.

CNN’s Ivana Kottasová, Caitlin Hu, Sharon Braithwaite, Claudia Rebaza, Jennifer Hansler, Emmet Lyons, Melissa Bell and Stephanie Halasz contributed to the coverage.



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Schumer calls for the unilateral reopening of the American-Canadian border | News, sports, jobs https://apdaweb.org/schumer-calls-for-the-unilateral-reopening-of-the-american-canadian-border-news-sports-jobs/ https://apdaweb.org/schumer-calls-for-the-unilateral-reopening-of-the-american-canadian-border-news-sports-jobs/#respond Wed, 07 Jul 2021 04:01:15 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/schumer-calls-for-the-unilateral-reopening-of-the-american-canadian-border-news-sports-jobs/ Senate Majority Leader Charles Schumer speaks during a press conference Tuesday afternoon in the Market Square Pavilion in the port of Sackets. Schumer visited to announce plans to reopen the US-Canada border by July 21 (Photo Provided – Sydney Schaefer / Watertown Daily Times) SACKETS HARBOR – Canadian politics are holding back the reopening of […]]]>


Senate Majority Leader Charles Schumer speaks during a press conference Tuesday afternoon in the Market Square Pavilion in the port of Sackets. Schumer visited to announce plans to reopen the US-Canada border by July 21 (Photo Provided – Sydney Schaefer / Watertown Daily Times)

SACKETS HARBOR – Canadian politics are holding back the reopening of the northern border and it is time the United States took unilateral steps to allow more crossings, Senate majority leader Charles E. Schumer said Tuesday.

As part of a one day trip through Upstate New York, Sen. Schumer, DN.Y. visited Sackets Harbor on Tuesday lunchtime to call on the United States to cross the border into the United States by July 21, Canadians vaccinated against COVID-19.

“I declare today that the time has come for the United States to act without the Canadian government because they have delayed too long.” he said.

Schumer said if there isn’t a bilateral agreement to reopen the border to vaccinated travelers, announced by July 21, when the current closure agreement is due to expire, American officials should change the definition of essential travel to include vacation travel, tourism and patronizing business to be included. This redefinition would only apply to people entering the United States from Canada.

Schumer said there appeared to be support for his position from President Joe Biden’s administration, and said he planned to speak to US Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas later on Tuesday to discuss the proposal. Other lawmakers with constituencies along the northern border, including MP Elise Stefanik, R-Schuylverville, have also urged the Biden government in recent weeks to unilaterally reopen the border to Canadian travelers.

The border between the two countries has been closed to most travelers since mid-March 2020 – only limited business traffic, shipping and medical crossings are allowed at the 117 entry points along the world’s longest unprotected border between two nations.

The shutdown was originally portrayed as a temporary, mutual response to the worst of the coronavirus pandemic, when the US saw cases rise while Canada expanded relatively slowly. But the extension of the closure came in months-long increments, with the Canadian government typically announcing an extension of the closure days before the agreement expired.

The Senator said the closure has become a point of contention, with many caveats and rules turning it into one “Less friendly” Limit for those who live nearby. Boaters on Lake Ontario or the St. Lawrence River have reported being attacked by Canadian border patrols while crossing the international border in the water without anchoring or showing any intention of docking.

Additionally, tourist boating companies such as Uncle Sam’s Boat Tours in Alexandria Bay are prohibited from entering Canadian waters at any time, but Canadian tour boats are not prevented from entering American waters.

Schumer said the US is now ready to reopen the border, and has been for months. He said the American vaccination rate, especially in northern border states like New York, shows that it would be safe to welcome vaccinated Canadians back into the country and allow vaccinated Americans to enter Canada.

“When we have occupied football stadiums, theaters and restaurants for vaccinated people, we can certainly develop a plan to cross the border.” he said.

Schumer said he had a meeting with Canadian and American officials in May to discuss reopening the border and asked for a phased plan that will allow vaccinated people to enter and exit both countries with minor restrictions. This plan was never developed due to internal divisions within the ruling Liberal Party itself and between the other parties in the Canadian parliament, said Schumer. He said the US-Canada border has become a polarizing issue in Canadian politics and this has left too little movement among Canadian officials on the issue.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Monday that his administration’s plans to fully reopen the US-Canada border will be announced in the coming weeks, and as of Monday, any Canadian citizen or permanent resident fully with a Vaccine approved by Canada is vaccinated, avoid a fourteen-day quarantine when returning to Canada from the USA

Canada’s vaccination rate has lagged America’s, and as of July 4, only 36% of Canadians had a full vaccination against COVID-19. But 69% of Canadians have received at least one dose of a vaccine, suggesting the rate of fully vaccinated people will rise in the coming weeks.

Schumer said he continues to hope a binational agreement to reopen the border will be reached before the July 21 deadline, but he doesn’t count on it.

“At other times they have said that they will do certain things and they have not done it because of internal conflict.” he said.

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US left Bagram Airbase at night with no notice, Afghan commander says https://apdaweb.org/us-left-bagram-airbase-at-night-with-no-notice-afghan-commander-says/ https://apdaweb.org/us-left-bagram-airbase-at-night-with-no-notice-afghan-commander-says/#respond Tue, 06 Jul 2021 11:40:11 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/?p=610 From 9/11&comma; to intense fighting on the ground&comma; and now full withdrawal of US-led forces&comma; here’s what happened. 9/11 11 September 2001 Al-Qaeda&comma; led by Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan&comma; carries out the largest terror attack ever conducted on US soil. Image caption The World Trade Centre is reduced to rubble Image copyright by Getty […]]]>


From 9/11&comma; to intense fighting on the ground&comma; and now full withdrawal of US-led forces&comma; here’s what happened.

9/11

Al-Qaeda&comma; led by Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan&comma; carries out the largest terror attack ever conducted on US soil.

Image caption The World Trade Centre is reduced to rubble

Image copyright by Getty

Four commercial airliners are hijacked. Two are flown into the World Trade Centre in New York&comma; which collapses. One hits the Pentagon building in Washington&comma; and one crashes into a field in Pennsylvania. Nearly 3&comma;000 people are killed.

First air strikes

A US-led coalition bombs Taliban and al-Qaeda facilities in Afghanistan. Targets include Kabul&comma; Kandahar and Jalalabad. The Taliban refuse to hand over Bin Laden. Their air defences and small fleet of fighter aircraft are destroyed.

Fall of Kabul

The Northern Alliance&comma; a group of anti-Taliban rebels backed by coalition forces&comma; enters Kabul as the Taliban flee the city.

Coalition-backed Northern Alliance fighters ride tanks into Kabul as the Taliban retreat
Image caption Coalition-backed Northern Alliance fighters ride tanks into Kabul as the Taliban retreat

Image copyright by Getty

By the 13 November 2001&comma; all Taliban have either fled or been neutralised. Other cities quickly fall.

New constitution

After protracted negotiations at a “loya jirga” or grand assembly&comma; the new Afghan constitution is signed into law. The constitution paves the way for presidential elections in October 2004.

Hamid Karzai becomes president

Hamid Karzai led anti-Taliban groups around Kandahar before becoming president
Image caption Hamid Karzai led anti-Taliban groups around Kandahar before becoming president

Image copyright by Getty

Hamid Karzai&comma; the leader of the Popalzai Durrani tribe&comma; becomes the first president under the new constitution. He serves two five-year terms as president.

UK troops deployed to Helmand

British troops arrive in Helmand province&comma; a Taliban stronghold in the south of the country.

Soldiers of the Parachute Regiment lead the first UK deployment to Helmand
Image caption Soldiers of the Parachute Regiment lead the first UK deployment to Helmand

Image copyright by Getty

Their initial mission is to support reconstruction projects&comma; but they are quickly drawn into combat operations. More than 450 British troops lose their lives in Afghanistan over the course of the conflict.

Obama’s surge

US President Barack Obama approves a major increase in the number of troops sent to Afghanistan. At their peak&comma; they number about 140&comma;000.

US troops in intense combat operations in the south of the country
Image caption US troops in intense combat operations in the south of the country

Image copyright by Getty

The so-called “surge” is modelled on US strategy in Iraq where US forces focussed on protecting the civilian population as well as killing insurgent fighters.

Osama Bin Laden killed

Bin Laden is traced to a compound located less than a mile from a Pakistani military academy
Image caption Bin Laden is traced to a compound located less than a mile from a Pakistani military academy

Image copyright by Getty

The leader of al-Qaeda is killed in an assault by US Navy Seals on a compound in Abbottabad in Pakistan. Bin Laden’s body is removed and buried at sea. The operation ends a 10-year hunt led by the CIA.  The confirmation that Bin Laden had been living on Pakistani soil fuels accusations in the US that Pakistan is an unreliable ally in the war on terror.

Death of Mullah Omar

The founder of the Taliban&comma; Mullah Mohammed Omar&comma; dies. His death is kept secret for more than two years.

The Taliban leader is believed to have suffered a shrapnel wound to his right eye in the 1980s
Image caption The Taliban leader is believed to have suffered a shrapnel wound to his right eye in the 1980s

Image copyright by EPA

According to Afghan intelligence&comma; Mullah Omar dies of health problems at a hospital in the Pakistani city of Karachi. Pakistan denies that he was in the country.

Nato ends combat operations

At a ceremony in Kabul&comma; Nato ends its combat operations in Afghanistan. With the surge now over&comma; the US withdraws thousands of troops.  Most of those who remain focus on training and supporting the Afghan security forces.

Taliban resurgence

The Taliban launch a series of suicide attacks&comma; car bombings and other assaults. The parliament building in Kabul&comma; and the city of Kunduz are attacked. Islamic State militants begin operations in Afghanistan.

Kabul's international airport is struck on 10 August 2015
Image caption Kabul’s international airport is struck on 10 August 2015

Image copyright by Getty

Death toll announcement

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani says more than 45&comma;000 members of his country’s security forces have been killed since he became leader in 2014. The figure is far higher than previously thought.

US signs deal with Taliban

The US and the Taliban sign an “agreement for bringing peace” to Afghanistan&comma; in Doha&comma; Qatar. The US and Nato allies agree to withdraw all troops within 14 months if the militants uphold the deal.

The deal lays out a timetable for full withdrawal
Image caption The deal lays out a timetable for full withdrawal

Image copyright by Getty

Date for final withdrawal

US forces are scheduled to withdraw from Afghanistan by 11 September 2021&comma; exactly 20 years since 9/11. There are strong indications that the withdrawal may be complete before the official deadline.

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Two are flown into the World Trade Centre in New York, which collapses. One hits the Pentagon building in Washington, and one crashes into a field in Pennsylvania. Nearly 3,000 people are killed.”,”timeline__element_6-header”:”First air strikes”,”timeline__element_6-date”:”7 October 2001″,”text_7-value”:”A US-led coalition bombs Taliban and al-Qaeda facilities in Afghanistan. Targets include Kabul, Kandahar and Jalalabad. The Taliban refuse to hand over Bin Laden. Their air defences and small fleet of fighter aircraft are destroyed.”,”timeline__element_8-header”:”u003cstrong> u003c/strong>Fall of Kabul”,”timeline__element_8-date”:”13 November 2001″,”text_9-value”:”The Northern Alliance, a group of anti-Taliban rebels backed by coalition forces, enters Kabul as the Taliban flee the city.”,”figure_10-caption”:”Coalition-backed Northern Alliance fighters ride tanks into Kabul as the Taliban retreat”,”figure_10-attribution”:”Getty”,”figure_10-src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/3DEE/production/_119145851_gettyimages_na.jpg”,”text_11-value”:”By the 13 November 2001, all Taliban have either fled or been neutralised. Other cities quickly fall.”,”timeline__element_12-header”:”u003cstrong> u003c/strong>New constitution”,”timeline__element_12-date”:”26 January 2004″,”text_13-value”:”After protracted negotiations at a “loya jirga” or grand assembly, the new Afghan constitution is signed into law. The constitution paves the way for presidential elections in October 2004.”,”timeline__element_14-header”:”Hamid Karzai becomes president”,”timeline__element_14-date”:”7 December 2004″,”figure_15-caption”:”Hamid Karzai led anti-Taliban groups around Kandahar before becoming president”,”figure_15-attribution”:”Getty”,”figure_15-src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/8C0E/production/_119145853_gettyimages_karzai.jpg”,”text_16-value”:”Hamid Karzai, the leader of the Popalzai Durrani tribe, becomes the first president under the new constitution. He serves two five-year terms as president.”,”timeline__element_17-header”:”UK troops deployed to Helmand”,”timeline__element_17-date”:”May 2006″,”text_18-value”:”British troops arrive in Helmand province, a Taliban stronghold in the south of the country.”,”figure_19-caption”:”Soldiers of the Parachute Regiment lead the first UK deployment to Helmand”,”figure_19-attribution”:”Getty”,”figure_19-src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/B31E/production/_119145854_gettyimages-154419188.jpg”,”text_20-value”:”Their initial mission is to support reconstruction projects, but they are quickly drawn into combat operations. More than 450 British troops lose their lives in Afghanistan over the course of the conflict.”,”timeline__element_21-header”:”Obama’s surge”,”timeline__element_21-date”:”17 February 2009″,”text_22-value”:”US President Barack Obama approves a major increase in the number of troops sent to Afghanistan. At their peak, they number about 140,000.”,”figure_23-caption”:”US troops in intense combat operations in the south of the country”,”figure_23-attribution”:”Getty”,”figure_23-src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/DA2E/production/_119145855_gettyimages_surge.jpg”,”text_24-value”:”The so-called “surge” is modelled on US strategy in Iraq where US forces focussed on protecting the civilian population as well as killing insurgent fighters.”,”timeline__element_25-header”:”Osama Bin Laden killed”,”timeline__element_25-date”:”2 May 2011″,”figure_26-caption”:”Bin Laden is traced to a compound located less than a mile from a Pakistani military academy”,”figure_26-attribution”:”Getty”,”figure_26-src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/1013E/production/_119145856_obl_gettypng.png”,”text_27-value”:”The leader of al-Qaeda is killed in an assault by US Navy Seals on a compound in Abbottabad in Pakistan. Bin Laden’s body is removed and buried at sea. The operation ends a 10-year hunt led by the CIA.  The confirmation that Bin Laden had been living on Pakistani soil fuels accusations in the US that Pakistan is an unreliable ally in the war on terror.”,”timeline__element_28-header”:”Death of Mullah Omar”,”timeline__element_28-date”:”23 April 2013″,”text_29-value”:”The founder of the Taliban, Mullah Mohammed Omar, dies. His death is kept secret for more than two years.”,”figure_30-caption”:”The Taliban leader is believed to have suffered a shrapnel wound to his right eye in the 1980s”,”figure_30-attribution”:”EPA”,”figure_30-src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/1284E/production/_119145857_omar_epa_2.png”,”text_31-value”:”According to Afghan intelligence, Mullah Omar dies of health problems at a hospital in the Pakistani city of Karachi. Pakistan denies that he was in the country.”,”timeline__element_32-header”:”Nato ends combat operations”,”timeline__element_32-date”:”28 December 2014″,”text_33-value”:”At a ceremony in Kabul, Nato ends its combat operations in Afghanistan. With the surge now over, the US withdraws thousands of troops.  Most of those who remain focus on training and supporting the Afghan security forces.”,”timeline__element_34-header”:”Taliban resurgence”,”timeline__element_34-date”:”2015″,”text_35-value”:”The Taliban launch a series of suicide attacks, car bombings and other assaults. The parliament building in Kabul, and the city of Kunduz are attacked. Islamic State militants begin operations in Afghanistan.”,”figure_36-caption”:”Kabul’s international airport is struck on 10 August 2015″,”figure_36-attribution”:”Getty”,”figure_36-src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/10210/production/_119146066_gettyimages-flames.jpg”,”timeline__element_37-header”:”Death toll announcement”,”timeline__element_37-date”:”25 January 2019″,”text_38-value”:”Afghan President Ashraf Ghani says more than 45,000 members of his country’s security forces have been killed since he became leader in 2014. The figure is far higher than previously thought.”,”timeline__element_39-header”:”US signs deal with Taliban”,”timeline__element_39-date”:”29 February 2020″,”text_40-value”:”The US and the Taliban sign an “agreement for bringing peace” to Afghanistan, in Doha, Qatar. The US and Nato allies agree to withdraw all troops within 14 months if the militants uphold the deal.”,”figure_41-caption”:”The deal lays out a timetable for full withdrawal”,”figure_41-attribution”:”Getty”,”figure_41-src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/DB00/production/_119146065_gettyimages_qatar.jpg”,”timeline__element_42-header”:”Date for final withdrawal”,”timeline__element_42-date”:”11 September 2021″,”text_43-value”:”US forces are scheduled to withdraw from Afghanistan by 11 September 2021, exactly 20 years since 9/11. 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rel=”stylesheet” href=”https://news.files.bbci.co.uk/include/vjeastasia/800-timeline_on_slack/assets/embed/css/inline.css??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″>nu003cdiv id=”responsive-embed-vjeastasia-800-timeline_on_slack-newsspec-31092″ class=”bbc-news-vj-embed-wrapper”>n u003cdiv id=”responsive-embed-vjeastasia-800-timeline_on_slack-newsspec-31092-core-content”>n u003cdiv class=”gel-wrap”>n u003cdiv class=”gel-layout”>n u003cdiv class=”gel-layout__item gel-1/1″>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline__container “>n u003ch2 class=”timeline__main-header”>u003cstrong>Twenty years of conflict in Afghanistan – what happened when?u003c/strong>u003c/h2>n u003cp>n u003cspan class=”gel-body-copy”>From 9/11, to intense fighting on the ground, and now full withdrawal of US-led forces, here’s what happened.u003c/span>n u003c/p>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__content”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__sideline timeline__sideline–bg”>u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n 9/11n u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>11 September 2001u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>Al-Qaeda, led by Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan, carries out the largest terror attack ever conducted on US soil.u003c/p>n n n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/16DE/production/_119145850_gettyimages_wtc.jpg??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”The World Trade Centre is reduced to rubble” />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> The World Trade Centre is reduced to rubblen u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> Gettyn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n n u003cp>Four commercial airliners are hijacked. Two are flown into the World Trade Centre in New York, which collapses. One hits the Pentagon building in Washington, and one crashes into a field in Pennsylvania. Nearly 3,000 people are killed.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n First air strikesn u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>7 October 2001u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>A US-led coalition bombs Taliban and al-Qaeda facilities in Afghanistan. Targets include Kabul, Kandahar and Jalalabad. The Taliban refuse to hand over Bin Laden. Their air defences and small fleet of fighter aircraft are destroyed.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n u003cstrong> u003c/strong>Fall of Kabuln u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>13 November 2001u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>The Northern Alliance, a group of anti-Taliban rebels backed by coalition forces, enters Kabul as the Taliban flee the city.u003c/p>n n n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/3DEE/production/_119145851_gettyimages_na.jpg??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”Coalition-backed Northern Alliance fighters ride tanks into Kabul as the Taliban retreat” />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> Coalition-backed Northern Alliance fighters ride tanks into Kabul as the Taliban retreatn u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> Gettyn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n n u003cp>By the 13 November 2001, all Taliban have either fled or been neutralised. Other cities quickly fall.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n u003cstrong> u003c/strong>New constitutionn u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>26 January 2004u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>After protracted negotiations at a “loya jirga” or grand assembly, the new Afghan constitution is signed into law. The constitution paves the way for presidential elections in October 2004.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n Hamid Karzai becomes presidentn u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>7 December 2004u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/8C0E/production/_119145853_gettyimages_karzai.jpg??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”Hamid Karzai led anti-Taliban groups around Kandahar before becoming president” />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> Hamid Karzai led anti-Taliban groups around Kandahar before becoming presidentn u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> Gettyn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n n u003cp>Hamid Karzai, the leader of the Popalzai Durrani tribe, becomes the first president under the new constitution. He serves two five-year terms as president.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n UK troops deployed to Helmandn u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>May 2006u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>British troops arrive in Helmand province, a Taliban stronghold in the south of the country.u003c/p>n n n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/B31E/production/_119145854_gettyimages-154419188.jpg??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”Soldiers of the Parachute Regiment lead the first UK deployment to Helmand” />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> Soldiers of the Parachute Regiment lead the first UK deployment to Helmandn u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> Gettyn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n n u003cp>Their initial mission is to support reconstruction projects, but they are quickly drawn into combat operations. More than 450 British troops lose their lives in Afghanistan over the course of the conflict.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n Obama’s surgen u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>17 February 2009u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>US President Barack Obama approves a major increase in the number of troops sent to Afghanistan. At their peak, they number about 140,000.u003c/p>n n n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/DA2E/production/_119145855_gettyimages_surge.jpg??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”US troops in intense combat operations in the south of the country” />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> US troops in intense combat operations in the south of the countryn u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> Gettyn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n n u003cp>The so-called “surge” is modelled on US strategy in Iraq where US forces focussed on protecting the civilian population as well as killing insurgent fighters.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n Osama Bin Laden killedn u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>2 May 2011u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/1013E/production/_119145856_obl_gettypng.png??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”Bin Laden is traced to a compound located less than a mile from a Pakistani military academy” />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> Bin Laden is traced to a compound located less than a mile from a Pakistani military academyn u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> Gettyn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n n u003cp>The leader of al-Qaeda is killed in an assault by US Navy Seals on a compound in Abbottabad in Pakistan. Bin Laden’s body is removed and buried at sea. The operation ends a 10-year hunt led by the CIA.  The confirmation that Bin Laden had been living on Pakistani soil fuels accusations in the US that Pakistan is an unreliable ally in the war on terror.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n Death of Mullah Omarn u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>23 April 2013u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>The founder of the Taliban, Mullah Mohammed Omar, dies. His death is kept secret for more than two years.u003c/p>n n n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/1284E/production/_119145857_omar_epa_2.png??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”The Taliban leader is believed to have suffered a shrapnel wound to his right eye in the 1980s” />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> The Taliban leader is believed to have suffered a shrapnel wound to his right eye in the 1980sn u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> EPAn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n n u003cp>According to Afghan intelligence, Mullah Omar dies of health problems at a hospital in the Pakistani city of Karachi. Pakistan denies that he was in the country.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n Nato ends combat operationsn u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>28 December 2014u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>At a ceremony in Kabul, Nato ends its combat operations in Afghanistan. With the surge now over, the US withdraws thousands of troops.  Most of those who remain focus on training and supporting the Afghan security forces.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n Taliban resurgencen u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>2015u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>The Taliban launch a series of suicide attacks, car bombings and other assaults. The parliament building in Kabul, and the city of Kunduz are attacked. Islamic State militants begin operations in Afghanistan.u003c/p>n n n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/10210/production/_119146066_gettyimages-flames.jpg??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”Kabul’s international airport is struck on 10 August 2015″ />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> Kabul’s international airport is struck on 10 August 2015n u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> Gettyn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n Death toll announcementn u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>25 January 2019u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>Afghan President Ashraf Ghani says more than 45,000 members of his country’s security forces have been killed since he became leader in 2014. The figure is far higher than previously thought.u003c/p>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n US signs deal with Talibann u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>29 February 2020u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>The US and the Taliban sign an “agreement for bringing peace” to Afghanistan, in Doha, Qatar. The US and Nato allies agree to withdraw all troops within 14 months if the militants uphold the deal.u003c/p>n n n n u003cfigure class=”figure”>n u003cpicture>n u003cimg class=”figure__img”n src=”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/DB00/production/_119146065_gettyimages_qatar.jpg??v=1.0.202107020951.202107020951″n alt=”The deal lays out a timetable for full withdrawal” />n u003c/picture>n u003cfigcaption class=”figure__figcaption gel-brevier” >n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image captionu003c/span> The deal lays out a timetable for full withdrawaln u003cspan class=”figure__attribution”>n u003cspan class=”off-screen”>Image copyright byu003c/span> Gettyn u003c/span>n u003c/figcaption>n u003c/figure>n n n u003c/div>n n u003cdiv class=”timeline”>n u003cdiv class=”timeline__indicator”>n u003c/div>n u003ch3 class=”timeline__header”>n Date for final withdrawaln u003c/h3>n u003cp class=”timeline__date”>n u003ctime>11 September 2021u003c/time>n u003c/p>n n u003cp>US forces are scheduled to withdraw from Afghanistan by 11 September 2021, exactly 20 years since 9/11. 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that it had vacated Bagram, effectively completing its military campaign in Afghanistan ahead of the official end date of 11 September, announced by President Joe Biden earlier this year.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”The Americans left behind about 3.5 million items, Gen Kohistani said, including tens of thousands of bottles of water, energy drinks and military ready-made meals, known as MREs. They also left behind thousands of civilian vehicles, without keys, and hundreds of armoured vehicles, the Associated Press reported.”,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”The Americans left behind about 3.5 million items, Gen Kohistani said, including tens of thousands of bottles of water, energy drinks and military ready-made meals, known as MREs. They also left behind thousands of civilian vehicles, without keys, and hundreds of armoured vehicles, the Associated Press reported.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”They took heavy weapons with them and detonated some ammunition stocks, but left behind small weapons and ammunition for the Afghans, Gen Kohistani said. “,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”They took heavy weapons with them and detonated some ammunition stocks, but left behind small weapons and ammunition for the Afghans, Gen Kohistani said. “,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”Asked by the Associated Press about the late-night withdrawal from the base, US military spokesman Colonel Sonny Leggett referred to a statement issued last week that said US forces had co-ordinated their departure from various bases with Afghan leaders. “,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”Asked by the Associated Press about the late-night withdrawal from the base, US military spokesman Colonel Sonny Leggett referred to a statement issued last week that said US forces had co-ordinated their departure from various bases with Afghan leaders. “,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”image”,”model”:{“caption”:”The US military left behind thousands of civilian vehicles and hundreds of armoured vehicles”,”copyright”:”EPA”,”media”:{“__typename”:”ComponentsImage”,”originalSrc”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/D31D/production/_119254045_mediaitem119254044.jpg”,”iChefRecipe”:”https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/$recipe/cpsprodpb/D31D/production/_119254045_mediaitem119254044.jpg”,”height”:650,”width”:976,”alt”:”Vehicles left by the US military are seen parked inside the Bagram Air Base, some 50 kilometers north of the capital Kabul, Afghanistan, 05 July 2021.”,”loading”:”lazy”},”blocks”:[{“type”:”altText”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”Vehicles left by the US military are seen parked inside the Bagram Air Base, some 50 kilometers north of the capital Kabul, Afghanistan, 05 July 2021.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”rawImage”,”model”:{“height”:650,”width”:976,”locator”:”D31D/production/_119254045_mediaitem119254044.jpg”,”originCode”:”cpsprodpb”,”copyrightHolder”:”EPA”,”originalSrc”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/D31D/production/_119254045_mediaitem119254044.jpg”,”iChefRecipe”:”https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/$recipe/cpsprodpb/D31D/production/_119254045_mediaitem119254044.jpg”}},{“type”:”caption”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”The US military left behind thousands of civilian vehicles and hundreds of armoured vehicles”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”Within 20 minutes of the US’s departure on Friday night the electricity was shut down and the base was plunged into darkness, the AP reported – a signal to looters who smashed through barriers and ransacked the abandoned buildings. Leftover items from the base have ended up in nearby scrap yards and second hand shops. “,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”Within 20 minutes of the US’s departure on Friday night the electricity was shut down and the base was plunged into darkness, the AP reported – a signal to looters who smashed through barriers and ransacked the abandoned buildings. Leftover items from the base have ended up in nearby scrap yards and second hand shops. “,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”At its height, Bagram base was home to tens of thousands of troops. It ballooned from a basic Afghan air base to a mini-city with swimming pools, cinemas, spas and imported fast food outlets Burger King and Pizza Hut.”,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”At its height, Bagram base was home to tens of thousands of troops. It ballooned from a basic Afghan air base to a mini-city with swimming pools, cinemas, spas and imported fast food outlets Burger King and Pizza Hut.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”unorderedList”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”listItem”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”urlLink”,”model”:{“text”:”Echoes of 1989 as foreign forces leave Afghanistan”,”locator”:”https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-57724652″,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”Echoes of 1989 as foreign forces leave Afghanistan”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”The base has shifted hands over the years. It was first built by the Americans, for Afghanistan, back in the 1950s, before falling into Soviet control when the Red Army invaded in 1979.”,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”The base has shifted hands over the years. It was first built by the Americans, for Afghanistan, back in the 1950s, before falling into Soviet control when the Red Army invaded in 1979.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”It was later occupied by the Moscow-backed Afghan government and then a mujahideen administration, before eventually winding up in Taliban hands when the group swept to power in the mid 1990s.”,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”It was later occupied by the Moscow-backed Afghan government and then a mujahideen administration, before eventually winding up in Taliban hands when the group swept to power in the mid 1990s.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”When the US invaded in 2001, it deposed the Taliban and took control of the airbase, transforming it into a sprawling complex from which it fought its war against the group.”,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”When the US invaded in 2001, it deposed the Taliban and took control of the airbase, transforming it into a sprawling complex from which it fought its war against the group.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”image”,”model”:{“caption”:”A pair of military boots lie on the floor next to other abandoned equipment in a scrap yard near Bagram airbase.”,”copyright”:”Getty Images”,”media”:{“__typename”:”ComponentsImage”,”originalSrc”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/84FD/production/_119254043_gettyimages-1233602933.jpg”,”iChefRecipe”:”https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/$recipe/cpsprodpb/84FD/production/_119254043_gettyimages-1233602933.jpg”,”height”:650,”width”:976,”alt”:”A pair of military boots lie on the floor next to other abandoned equipment in a scrap yard near Bagram airbase.”,”loading”:”lazy”},”blocks”:[{“type”:”altText”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”A pair of military boots lie on the floor next to other abandoned equipment in a scrap yard near Bagram airbase.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”rawImage”,”model”:{“height”:650,”width”:976,”locator”:”84FD/production/_119254043_gettyimages-1233602933.jpg”,”originCode”:”cpsprodpb”,”copyrightHolder”:”Getty Images”,”originalSrc”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/84FD/production/_119254043_gettyimages-1233602933.jpg”,”iChefRecipe”:”https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/$recipe/cpsprodpb/84FD/production/_119254043_gettyimages-1233602933.jpg”}},{“type”:”caption”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”A pair of military boots lie on the floor next to other abandoned equipment in a scrap yard near Bagram airbase.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”The late-night withdrawal by the US hands control of the base to a much less well-equipped force that could struggle to defend it from the Taliban, which has made swift advances in recent weeks across the country, seizing rural districts and surrounding some larger cities. “,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”The late-night withdrawal by the US hands control of the base to a much less well-equipped force that could struggle to defend it from the Taliban, which has made swift advances in recent weeks across the country, seizing rural districts and surrounding some larger cities. “,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”The group claims to have taken more than 10 new districts in the past 24 hours. Despite the movements on the ground, stalled peace talks were renewed last week between representatives of the Talibn and Afghan government in Doha, the capital of Qatar.”,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”The group claims to have taken more than 10 new districts in the past 24 hours. Despite the movements on the ground, stalled peace talks were renewed last week between representatives of the Talibn and Afghan government in Doha, the capital of Qatar.”,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”Zabiullah Mujahid, a Taliban spokesman, told the BBC that they would present a plan to the team negotiating on behalf of the Afghan government and both sides would discuss it. “,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”Zabiullah Mujahid, a Taliban spokesman, told the BBC that they would present a plan to the team negotiating on behalf of the Afghan government and both sides would discuss it. “,”attributes”:[]}}]}}]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[{“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:{“text”:”Gen Kohistani has roughly 3,000 troops under his command – significantly less than the tens of thousands of US and allied soldiers that once occupied Bagram airbase.”,”blocks”:[{“type”:”fragment”,”model”:{“text”:”Gen Kohistani has 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Hidden history: 6 surprising facts about the American Declaration of Independence https://apdaweb.org/hidden-history-6-surprising-facts-about-the-american-declaration-of-independence/ https://apdaweb.org/hidden-history-6-surprising-facts-about-the-american-declaration-of-independence/#respond Sun, 04 Jul 2021 17:33:08 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/hidden-history-6-surprising-facts-about-the-american-declaration-of-independence/ by Woody Holton, University of South Carolina Editor’s Note: Americans may think they know a lot about the Declaration of Independence, but many of those ideas are elitist and wrong, there Historian Woody Holton explained. His upcoming book “Liberty is Sweet: The Hidden Story of the American Revolution“Shows how independence and the war of independence […]]]>


by Woody Holton, University of South Carolina

Editor’s Note: Americans may think they know a lot about the Declaration of Independence, but many of those ideas are elitist and wrong, there Historian Woody Holton explained.

His upcoming book “Liberty is Sweet: The Hidden Story of the American Revolution“Shows how independence and the war of independence were influenced by women, indigenous and enslaved people, religious dissidents and other once overlooked Americans.

In celebration of the 245th anniversary of the United States, Holton offers six surprising facts about the nation’s founding document – including that it failed to achieve its most immediate goal, and that its meaning has changed from its founding to the present day.

Ordinary Americans played a big part

The Declaration of Independence was written by wealthy white men, but the impetus for independence came from ordinary Americans. Historian Pauline Maier discovered that from July 2, 1776By the time the Continental Congress voted to secede from Britain, 90 provincial and local bodies – congresses, city assemblies and even large juries – had made their own statements or instructed Congress to do so.

In Maryland, district assemblies required that the provincial assembly call upon the Maryland Congressman to support independence. Pennsylvania MPs urged their congressional delegates to oppose independence – until the Philadelphians gathered outside the State House, later called Independence Hall, and threatened to overthrow the legislature, which then dropped the order.

American independence is due in part to African Americans

As in the US Constitution, the word “slave” is never used in the final version of the declaration first draft, written by Thomas Jefferson.

In this early draft, Jefferson’s main criticism was that the motherland first forced enslaved Africans on white Americans and then tried to incite them against their patriotic owners. In an objection to which he 168 words – three times as many as any other complaint – Jefferson said George III encouraged enslaved Americans to “acquire the freedom he took away from them by murdering the people on whom he forced it.”

Numerous other white southerners joined Jefferson to vent their anger at the motherland because, as one put it:pointing a dagger at their throats, by the hands of their slaves. “

Britain really had an informal alliance with African Americans – but it was the slaves who initiated it. In November 1774, James Madison became the first white American to report it Slaves planned to take advantage of the divisions between the colonies and the motherland to rebel and gain their own freedom. Initially, the British turned down the African American offer to fight for their king, but the slaves kept going and on November 15, 1775, Lord Dunmore, the last British governor of Virginia, finally published one Declaration of emancipation. It freed all rebellious (patriotic) slaves who could reach its lines and would fight to quell the patriot rebellion.

The Second Continental Congress was talking about Dunmore and other British officials when it claimed in the final draft of the declaration that George III.excited domestic riot among us. ”That brief euphemism was all that remained of Jefferson’s 168-word diatribe against the British for sending Africans to America and then telling them to kill their owners. But nobody missed its meaning.

The complaints did not concern the king

The British King is the subject of 33 verbs in a declaration that never says “Parliament”. But nine of Congress’s most pressing complaints were actually about parliamentary statutes but for its cabinet, which was essentially a creature of parliament.

By targeting only the king – who played a purely symbolic role in the Declaration of Independence, akin to modern America’s Uncle Sam – Congress reiterated its novel argument that Americans shouldn’t cut ties with parliament because they never had any .

The Declaration of Independence does not really condemn the monarchy

As Julian P. Boyd, founding editor of The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, pointed out, the Declaration of Independence is “had no necessary antagonism to the idea of ​​royalty in general.”

Indeed, several members of Congress, including Pennsylvania’s John Dickinson, openly admired the limited monarchy. Their beef was not with all kings and queens, but with King George III. – and he only as the front man of Parliament.

The declaration of independence failed to achieve its most pressing purpose

In June 1776, delegates in support of independence suggested that France could immediately accept its invitation to an alliance if Congress soon declared. Then the French Navy could start intercepting British supply ships to America in the summer.

But in reality, the French King Louis XVI. long 18 months to agree to a formal alliance, and the first French ships and soldiers did not enter the war until June 1778.

Abolitionists and feminists shifted the Declaration of Independence’s focus to human rights

In keeping with the largely diplomatic purpose of the Declaration of Independence, hardly any of its white contemporaries quoted its now famous phrases about equality and rights. Instead, as the literary scholar Eric Slauter discovered, they highlighted its clauses justifying one nation or state to separate from another.

But before 1776 came out, Lemuel Haynes, a freelance African American soldier who served in the Continental Army, as Slauter also notes, had an essay entitled “Freedom further extended. “He began by quoting Jefferson’s truisms that” all human beings are created equal “and” are endowed with certain inalienable rights by their Creator “.

In highlighting these claims, Haynes began to shift the process, focus, and meaning of the Declaration of Independence from the Congressional Secession Ordinance to a universal declaration of human rights. These efforts were later continued by other abolitionists. black and White, by Suffragettes and from other seekers of social justice, including Abraham Lincoln.

Over time, abolitionists and feminists turned the failed congressional bid for an immediate French alliance into what is arguably the most momentous freedom document ever written.

[The Conversation’s Politics + Society editors pick need-to-know stories. Sign up for Politics Weekly.]

Woody Holton, Professor of History, University of South Carolina

This article was republished by The conversation under a Creative Commons license. read this original article.

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No way – newspaper – DAWN.COM https://apdaweb.org/no-way-newspaper-dawn-com/ https://apdaweb.org/no-way-newspaper-dawn-com/#respond Sat, 03 Jul 2021 03:00:00 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/no-way-newspaper-dawn-com/ PAKISTAN lost 83,000 lives and the war on terror cost the country nearly $ 126 billion, according to a statement by Major General Iftikhar Babar, Director General of ISPR, earlier this year. It is amazing that Prime Minister Imran Khan Osama Bin Laden as shaheed while addressing Parliament in 2020. Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi […]]]>


PAKISTAN lost 83,000 lives and the war on terror cost the country nearly $ 126 billion, according to a statement by Major General Iftikhar Babar, Director General of ISPR, earlier this year. It is amazing that Prime Minister Imran Khan Osama Bin Laden as shaheed while addressing Parliament in 2020.

Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi was recently interviewed by the Afghan journalist Lotfullah Najafizada Tolo news and the issue has been brought up again to reinforce the oft-repeated Afghan claim that Pakistan has tacit support for the Afghan Taliban. Mr. Qureshi responded by saying that the Prime Minister’s statement was taken out of context and acclaimed by sections of the media. The astute Afghan journalist then asked him to clarify whether OBL was a terrorist or a martyr. After an extraordinarily long pause, Mr. Qureshi couldn’t explain himself and said, “I’ll let it through.”

What has Pakistan lost in the absence of a coherent Taliban policy?

Pakistan has repeatedly complained that the world community does not value its victims in the war on terror. But if the Foreign Minister is still confused after losing so many citizens as to whether OBL is a martyr or a terrorist, what are the reasons for Pakistan to complain to the world about a lack of sympathy?

Editorial staff: FM Qureshi’s refusal to call Osama bin Laden a terrorist is startling and contrary to logic

Although Minister Fawad Chaudhry belatedly tried to make amends by saying it was a “slip of the tongue” by the Prime Minister, the damage had already been done. His bizarre statement may satisfy the PTI’s support base, but it will not convince those responsible for the FATF’s gray lists. A slip of the tongue needs to be corrected by the person whose tongue has slipped, especially if he is the prime minister and his foreign minister is also confused.

In one recently Washington Post Opinion article Mr. Imran Khan wrote that “Pakistan is ready to be a partner in Afghanistan with the United States” and “both countries have an equal interest in this long-suffering country”. But is that true if he thinks OBL is a martyr and the Americans think he is an evil terrorist?

Prime Minister Khan insists that Pakistan will not provide the US with bases or support in counter-terrorism operations.

“Absolutely not!” he said to Jonathan Swan in one Axios Interview. But are US-Pakistani relations so trusting that such an agreement would even be considered?

Read: Pakistan will allow the US “absolutely no” bases for action in Afghanistan: Prime Minister Imran

Let’s not forget that, according to Barack Obama’s memoir, Pakistan was not informed of the Abbottabad raid to kill OBL. And although Obama writes that then-Vice President Joe Biden was against the attack that violated Pakistani sovereignty, President Biden has yet to speak to Prime Minister Imran Khan five months after his presidency, even though America plans to run out of troops by September 11, 2021 to withdraw from neighboring Afghanistan.

Given this lack of confidence, would it make any sense for the Americans to ask about bases in Pakistan?

Historically, Americans are used to working with the Pakistani military. It was Field Marshal Ayub Khan who made a base in Badaber near Peshawar available to the Americans for the first time in 1959, which they used as an eavesdropping post against the Soviets.

During the time of Gen Zia, there was active collaboration between the Pakistani and American intelligence services to set up training centers for jihad and to recruit and resettle mujahideen in our region to repel the Soviets. After the Americans achieved their goals for the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, they abruptly left Pakistan to face the chaotic aftermath.

As Pakistanis, we should ask ourselves what goal Pakistan has achieved by setting up this mujahideen to defend against the Soviets, other than extending the military dictatorship of Gen Zia, previously snubbed by the Carter administration, but by Ronald Reagan in the fight against the Soviets was supported wholeheartedly?

Under General Pervez Musharraf, a military dictator who had previously been snubbed by a Democratic President Clinton was courted by Republican President George Bush despite giving him the ultimatum “to be with or against the United States in the war on terror”.

Musharraf also provided bases and used military cooperation with the United States to extend his own rule. Each time the decision to establish bases or to cooperate fully with American military ambitions was made by a military dictator and had no democratic sanction within Pakistan.

The main question today is not whether Pakistan should give the US bases because that is unlikely. The question is: what has Pakistan lost to the lack of a coherent Taliban policy? Schoolchildren have died, bazaars have been blown up, the military have died and financial bottlenecks have grown. Was this “strategic depth” worth it?

Foreign Minister Qureshi suggested in his interview that the world’s attitudes towards the Taliban should change. But Pakistan’s approach has done little. Maybe it’s time for better, clearer politics.

The author is a lawyer and lives in London.

Twitter: @ayeshaijazkhan

Posted in Dawn, July 3, 2021





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Restoring a Canadian icon: Royal Architectural Institute of Canada’s Independent Design Review Panel https://apdaweb.org/restoring-a-canadian-icon-royal-architectural-institute-of-canadas-independent-design-review-panel/ https://apdaweb.org/restoring-a-canadian-icon-royal-architectural-institute-of-canadas-independent-design-review-panel/#respond Wed, 30 Jun 2021 04:54:24 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/?p=560 Work is now underway on the apex project, the Centre Block, of this complex series of interdependent projects focused on restoring key elements of Canada’s built heritage and transforming Canada’s Parliamentary Precinct into a modern integrated campus. This is the largest and most complex heritage rehabilitation project ever undertaken in Canada, one of the largest […]]]>


Work is now underway on the apex project, the Centre Block, of this complex series of interdependent projects focused on restoring key elements of Canada’s built heritage and transforming Canada’s Parliamentary Precinct into a modern integrated campus. This is the largest and most complex heritage rehabilitation project ever undertaken in Canada, one of the largest globally, and among the most important architectural design work happening in Canada today. In addition to the task of restoring and modernizing this heritage building, a new Parliament Welcome Centre is being inserted into the heritage landscape to enable Canada’s Parliament to become both more secure as well as much more accessible to all Canadians, inviting more Canadians to engage in our country’s parliamentary tradition and democratic processes.

The Government of Canada is committed to getting it right, something this place and space demands and Canadians deserve. To get it right, PSPC has established a number of partnerships to leverage expertise. One of those partnerships is with the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC), which is helping to ensure that world-class design is brought to bear on some of the most important public buildings in our country.

One of the key challenges facing PSPC and the design team has been integrating the Parliament Welcome Centre into the heritage landscape and the heritage Centre Block building. Ensuring that the Parliament Welcome Centre brought together the parliamentary lawn and the Centre Block, acting as a bridge between the two, rather than separating or dividing them, required resolving many interrelated design challenges and finding the right balance.

To assist in achieving this balance in the design for the rehabilitated Centre Block and new Parliament Welcome Centre, PSPC, working in partnership with the National Capital Commission, and in collaboration with Parliament, engaged the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada to assemble an Independent Design Review Panel.

This group of eminent Canadian architects and design professionals as well as a former Architect of the Capitol (United States) in Washington reviewed and provided independent professional advice that has helped to guide PSPC and the design lead, CENTRUS, to find the balance between restoring this Canadian icon and modernizing it to support a 21st-century parliamentary democracy and making it more open and accessible for all Canadians.

The manner in which the Parliament Welcome Centre fits into the heritage landscape and into the Centre Block will ensure Canada’s Parliament is more secure and more accessible to all Canadians, inviting more Canadians to engage in our country’s parliamentary traditions and democratic processes. The restored and modernized Centre Block, including the Parliament Welcome Centre, will provide enhanced security, inclusivity, and dignity for all who visit and work in these important spaces.

The concept design has been endorsed by the Panel and the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, as well as the Senate of Canada and House of Commons. On the design itself, the Panel noted:

“The resulting entry scheme to the Parliament Welcome Centre is simple, intuitive and elegant. Its exterior design affirms Canada’s “Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of historic places in Canada” principle of minimum intervention into the Parliament Lawn whose heritage value is so important to Canadians. Further, we now have a sequence of interesting and thoughtful spaces throughout the entire entry circulation system that are similarly simple, intuitive and elegant. We are convinced that following these concepts, documented through feedback provided at multiple workshops, will result in a remarkable visitor experience for all.”

In their final report, the Independent Design Review Panel and the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada provided additional comments on this historic project:

“It is our view that there is no more important architectural design work happening in Canada today. This project is quite literally an exercise in nation building. It is a critically important project for the Canadian Parliament and for all Canadians. The standards and expectations are exceptionally high, and the work undertaken will last for generations. There exists a one-off opportunity to get it right.”

“We feel strongly that this design review process is a best practice approach and is helping to create world-class design solutions for Parliament and Canadians.”

“We are convinced that the current design concepts provide a solid platform and clear direction for the project to achieve a world-class success.”

The partnership with the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada will continue as the concept design matures, and PSPC and CENTRUS will continue to benefit from the members of the Independent Design Review Panel.

Members of the Independent Design Review Panel:

Hon. Stephen Ayers, Architect

Stephen Ayers, FAIA, NAC, CCM, LEED AP

Former Architect of the Capitol, Washington, DC

Ayers served under presidents George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump during his 11-year tenure.

He assumed the office as Acting Architect in February 2007, was nominated to the position by President Barack Obama and was unanimously confirmed as permanent Architect of the Capitol by the United States Senate on May 12, 2010. Working on Capitol Hill for more than 22 years, Ayers oversaw 2,300 employees, 20 million square feet of space and an annual budget of $725M. He is an Air Force veteran and a licensed architect in the State of California.

Ayers is the first Architect of the Capitol to be certified as an Accredited Professional in the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program and worked to reduce energy consumption on Capitol Hill. In 2011, he received the Carroll H. Dunn Award of Excellence from the Construction Industry Institute and in 2018 he received the Thomas Jefferson Award for Public Architecture from the American Institute of Architects. He is a Fellow in the American Institute of Architects and was elected as a member of the National Academy of Construction in 2013.

Shirley Blumberg, Architect

Partner, CM, OAA, FRAIC, AIA

Shirley Blumberg, CM, OAA, FRAIC, AIA is a founding partner of KPMB Architects and a Member of the Order of Canada for her contribution to architecture.

She has designed many of the firm’s noteworthy and award-winning projects, including the Fort York Public Library, the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre at UBC, and the Centre for International Governance Innovation Campus. She was also the design partner for a major mixed-use academic and residential complex, Ponderosa Hub, at the University of British Columbia.

Recently completed projects she has led include the Global Centre for Pluralism for the Aga Khan Foundation of Canada in Ottawa the Julis Romo Rabinowitz Building and the Louis A. Simpson International Building at Princeton University, the Perelman Center for Political Science and Economics and the Remai Modern Art Gallery of Saskatchewan.

In addition to the academic and cultural work, her practice addresses a broad range of projects including social housing and a water reclamation centre.

Shirley has served on the Toronto City Design Review Panel and the Toronto Community Housing Design Review Panel and established Building Equality in Architecture Toronto, an independent initiative dedicated to the promotion of equality in the profession of architecture.

Wanda Dalla Costa, Architect

Wanda Dalla Costa is a practicing architect and professor who has been co-designing with North American Indigenous communities for over two decades. Her research focus includes Indigenous place-keeping and culturally responsive design. Dalla Costa currently teaches at Arizona State University, where she is an Institute Professor in The Design School, an Associate Professor in the School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment, and the Director/founder of the Indigenous Design Collaborative, a community-driven design and construction program. Dalla Costa is a member of Saddle Lake Cree Nation and the first First Nations woman to become a registered architect in Canada. She was one of eighteen Indigenous architects representing Canada in the Venice Architecture Biennale 2018 and a Yerba Buena Center For The Arts 2019 honoree, an award which celebrates people, organizations, and movements shifting culture through ideas, their art, and their activism. Her firm, Tawaw Architecture Collective is based in Phoenix, Arizona.

George Dark, Landscape Architect

George Dark, FCSLA, FASLA, OALA

Senior Consultant, Landscape Architect and Urban Designer at Urban Strategies, he is a member of both the College of Fellows of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects (CSLA) and the Council of Fellows of the American Society of Landscape Architects. He is the second recipient of the Governor General’s Medal in Landscape Architecture, the highest honour bestowed on a Landscape Architect by the CSLA. Following a career with two international consulting firms, George was a partner of Urban Strategies for over 30 years developing the firm’s Urban Design and Landscape Architectural practice. George currently is a senior consultant with the firm, collaborating with USI to lead the strategic design direction of urban regeneration projects for some of the largest urban projects in Canada.

George regularly assists public and private organizations with institutional strengthening, design management and civic urban design process. George is active in the charitable and not for profit sectors having served as Board Chair of the Evergreen Foundation of Canada for over 12 years while creating Brickworks, leading to his appointment as Chairman Emeritus of the organization. He is currently Chairman of the Board of the Centre for Social Innovation in Toronto, a Trustee of the McMichael Canadian Collection Gallery, chairing the Property and Buildings Committee of the Board of Trustees and was the Past Founding Chair of the Academic Advisory Council of the Willowbank School of Restoration Arts and the Toronto Parks Foundation.

Barry Padolsky, Architect

Barry Padolsky B. Arch., M. Sc. (Urban Design), OAA, FRAIC, RCA, CAHP

An Ottawa-based architect, urban design, and heritage consultant with 55 years of experience. He has been recognized with 43 national and civic design awards including the Massey Medal, the Chicago Athenaeum International Architecture Award, and 29 awards for heritage conservation. Barry is a city planning, heritage conservation and visual arts advocate. He is currently a member (and former vice-chair) of the City of Ottawa Built Heritage Sub-committee. His essays have been featured in the Ottawa Citizen and the Globe and Mail.

Claude Provencher, Architect

Claude Provencher co-founded Montréal-based firm Provencher_Roy in 1983. Considered one of the fathers of the new urban architecture that emerged in Canada in the late 1970s, he is the firm’s senior designer and has led an impressive number of architecture and urban design projects whose outstanding merit has garnered the firm numerous distinctions over the years, including the Governor General’s Medal and awards from Canadian Architect magazine and the Ordre des architectes du Québec. An example of one of the firm’s projects that garnered a first merit award at the 49th edition of the Canadian Architect Awards of Excellence at the conceptual phase, was the new reception pavilion at the National Assembly of Québec. It was designed by Provencher Roy in consortium with GLCRM Architectes. The project embodies a thorough understanding and mastery of heritage issues and shows great care and attention paid to an exceptional site.

Mr. Provencher supervises the design teams and helps establish the major orientations of the firm’s projects. Through his active, hands-on style, he ensures a continuous link with the client team and assists in project development.

A member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, and member of the Ordre des architectes du Québec and the Ontario Association of Architects, Claude Provencher was curator and member of the advisory committee for the Conseil du patrimoine culturel du Québec from 2009 to 2016.

From 1999 to 2011, he sat on the Advisory Committee on Planning, Design and Realty of the National Capital Commission, in Ottawa. Quite dedicated to his profession, he has sat on numerous university committees and organizations for the advancement of excellence in architecture. Mr. Provencher has been a frequent guest speaker at conferences on architecture and urban design, both in Canada and in Europe.

Don Schmitt, Architect

Don Schmitt, CM, OAA, FRAIC, RCA, AIA is the senior partner at Diamond Schmitt and a Member of the Order of Canada for architecture, design excellence and community contribution. He is a graduate of the University of Toronto where he won the RAIC Medal in the thesis year.

Recent buildings include the transformation of Ottawa’s National Arts Centre, the Senate of Canada Building, The Collections, Curatorial and Conservation Centre for The Ingenium Museum of Science and Technology and the new Ottawa Public Library/Library and Archives Canada. Notable projects include Gilgan Center for Research at SickKids Hospital, Toronto, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Vancouver, Lazaridis Hall at Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo. Current projects include Geffen Hall, The New York Philharmonic, Lincoln Center, the York University Campus in Markham and the transformation of the historic Royal Victoria Hospital buildings and grounds as a campus devoted to sustainability systems and public policy for McGill University in Montreal.

His work on the design of compact, sustainable neighbourhoods involves a number of mixed-use communities including SmartCentres Place in Vaughan, Ontario, transit oriented, pedestrian centered and, at 20 million square feet, a significant landmark in North American urbanism.

Don is the Founding Chair of the Public Art Commission for the City of Toronto for which he was awarded the Civic Medal. He has served on the Design Review Panel of the National Capital Commission, Waterfront Toronto and is currently a Member of the Design Review Panel of the University of Toronto.

He is committed to design that transcends and supports community with sustainability, environmentalism and grace.

Dr. Jutta Treviranus, inclusive design and accessibility

Jutta Treviranus is the Director of the Inclusive Design Research Centre (IDRC) and professor in the faculty of Design at the Ontario College of Art and Design (OCAD) University in Toronto. Dr. Treviranus established the IDRC in 1993 as the nexus of a growing global community that proactively works to ensure that our digitally transformed and globally connected society is designed inclusively. She also heads the Inclusive Design Institute, a multi-university regional centre of expertise. Jutta founded an innovative graduate program in inclusive design at OCAD University. She leads international multi-partner research networks that have created broadly implemented innovations that support digital equity. She has played a leading role in developing accessibility legislation, standards and specifications internationally. She serves on many advisory bodies globally to provide expertise in smart cities and inclusive digital infrastructure (e.g., Waterfront Toronto, London Olympics, NYC Libraries, World Economic Forum, Canadian Museum of Human Rights, etc.). Jutta’s work has been attributed as the impetus for corporate adoption of more inclusive practices in large enterprise companies such as Microsoft and Adobe.



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French black activist fined for defacing the colonial statue | World news https://apdaweb.org/french-black-activist-fined-for-defacing-the-colonial-statue-world-news/ https://apdaweb.org/french-black-activist-fined-for-defacing-the-colonial-statue-world-news/#respond Mon, 28 Jun 2021 12:05:00 +0000 https://apdaweb.org/french-black-activist-fined-for-defacing-the-colonial-statue-world-news/ By MORGANE BONA, Associated Press PARIS (AP) – A French court on Monday convicted and fined a black rights activist for defacing a statue he sees as an insult to democracy and the descendants of slaves. Franco Lollia’s attorney accused the French judiciary of defending slavery and trying to make his client look “like a […]]]>


By MORGANE BONA, Associated Press

PARIS (AP) – A French court on Monday convicted and fined a black rights activist for defacing a statue he sees as an insult to democracy and the descendants of slaves.

Franco Lollia’s attorney accused the French judiciary of defending slavery and trying to make his client look “like a delinquent” rather than a campaigner for racial justice.

The court upheld the incident in question and sentenced Lollia on Monday for defacing property. In June 2020, the French activist “State Negrophobia” painted and sprayed red on a statue of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, a 17th-century royal minister.

Among other atrocities, Colbert’s infamous Black Code allowed slaves to be branded, their ears cut off and executed if they tried to escape. The destroyed Colbert statue stands prominently in front of the lower house of parliament in Paris.

Political cartoons about world leaders

Political cartoons

Lollia said his act was purely political.

“We are deeply offended. With this statue in front of the National Assembly, the so-called House of the People, they democratically spit in our faces every day, ”he said.

The Paris court sentenced the spokesman for the militant anti-negrophobia brigade to a fine of 500 euros (US $ 597) and a payment of 1,040 euros (US $ 1,241) in damages to the French parliament. That was less than the € 800 fine that the prosecutor had applied for.

Guy Florentin, Lollia’s attorney, announced he would appeal the decision and called on the state to remove the Colbert statue.

“State negrophobia won a battle, but not the war. We will continue our fight, ”he told reporters. “We will also sue the authorities for defending crimes against humanity” because of the role of the French state in the slave trade.

The vandalism occurred a month after the US police murdered the American George Floyd, who stimulated anti-racism activists in France and other countries.

During the May 10 trial – which coincided with France’s annual commemoration of the abolition of slavery – Lollia’s defense team brought France to justice, detailing and denouncing the colonial atrocities.

Following the verdict, the activist said he was not disappointed.

“One of the reasons we did this action was to make this process a platform,” he said. “It should force the white French judiciary to take off its mask of so-called democracy, equality for all and social and racial justice for all.”

Follow all AP stories about racial injustice at https://apnews.com/hub/Racialinjustice

Copyright 2021 Associated press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.



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