From the attack on the U.S. Capitol to Taliban 2.0, the top global news events that hit the headlines in 2021
Global news events that defined 2021
New Delhi: 2021 was an unusual year. It was a roller coaster ride full of ups and downs that no one saw coming.
Of Donald Trump’s defeat in the US elections, the fall of Kabul, the flight of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and the arrival of the Taliban 2.0, 2021 would also be remembered as the year Japan, Germany and Israel received new leadership.
Time now takes a look back at the past year and the major global news events that shaped it.
Attack on the United States Capitol in 2021
Donald Trump supporters stormed the U.S. Capitol and fired shots inside the building as lawmakers prepared to seal the election of Joe Biden as next president and Kamala Harris as vice president.
The mob waves “Trump” flags, “Stop the steal!” Signs ravaged the Capitol, invaded the Senate, and broke into the offices of members of Congress.
The attack came after Trump said he would “never admit” defeat to Biden.
USA: Joe Biden takes office
Joe Biden was sworn in as President and Kamala Harris as Vice President on January 20.
Shyamala Gopalan’s daughter became the first Indian, woman, and African American to be sworn in as Vice President.
After being sworn in, Biden declared: “Democracy has prevailed.”
Myanmar: military under control again
A coup in Myanmar began in February when democratically elected members of the National League for Democracy (NLD) were ousted by the military, with incumbent President Myint Swe declaring a year-long state of emergency and transferring power to Defense Services Commander Min Aung Hlaing.
The military-backed opposition Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) in Myanmar had not addressed the results of the parliamentary elections on the 8th.
Myanmar’s military junta, which ruled the country in the 1990s and 2000s, is supported by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Syria: Bashar al-Assad wins the fourth term
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad received 95.1 percent of the vote in the presidential election in May and was sworn in for a fourth term of seven years.
Around 14 million of an estimated 18 million eligible voters inside and outside Syria voted with a turnout of over 78 percent.
Assad’s victory was expected given that his rival in the race was an inconspicuous opposition figure and a former cabinet minister.
Haiti: President Jovenel Moise assassinated
Haiti’s President Jovenel Moise was murdered and his wife injured in an attack on her home in the capital Port-au-Prince.
Moise had led Haiti, one of the poorest countries in the world, since 2017 but faced widespread protests demanding his resignation.
Israel: Netanyahu overthrown
Naftali Bennett, leader of the right-wing Yamina (United Right) party, was sworn in as Israel’s new prime minister in June, ending the record-breaking twelve-year rule of Benjamin Netanyahu.
Israel’s senior leader, Netanyahu, won four elections and held office five times.
His removal came after Israeli opposition leader Yair Lapid announced that he had reached an agreement with a small pro-settler party and others to form a coalition government to evict Netanyahu.
Jerusalem: Clash with the Al-Aqsa Mosque
Tensions in Gaza began when Hamas terrorists fired rockets at Jerusalem in response to clashes between Palestinian believers and Israeli police at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem’s Old City.
The current wave of violence between Israel and militant groups in the Gaza Strip was the first of its kind since the last large-scale air and ground offensive that Israel waged against the Palestinian enclave for 50 days in 2014.
The site is a frequent hotspot for violence between Israel and Palestinians.
Japan: End of the Shinzo Abe era
Shinzo Abe announced his resignation in August for health reasons.
The 65-year-old announced at a press conference in Tokyo that he was in need of treatment for a flare-up in his bowel disease that led to his first year-long stay in 2007 ending abruptly.
Yoshihide Suga has been elected as the new leader of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) to replace Abe.
Afghanistan: Rise of the Taliban 2.0
The Taliban declared the war in Afghanistan over after their fighters captured the capital Kabul and President Ashraf Ghani fled the country in August.
The rapid advance of the Taliban fighters into the provincial capitals of Afghanistan surprised everyone, and the speed with which cities like Herat and Kandahar were conquered stunned the world.
Germany: End of the Merkel era
The center-left Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) around the incumbent Vice Chancellor Olaf Scholz won the federal election in September with 25.7 percent of the vote, defeated the CDU / CSU and thus ended the Angela Merkel era.
The conservatives under Merkel’s leadership had dominated the German Bundestag or the lower house of parliament for over a decade.
With Merkel’s resignation, Germany and in some cases the European Union will enter a new era with unclear prospects.
China: CCP resolution consolidates the position, legacy and future of President Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping was hailed by the Chinese Communist Party as the creator of a series of “theories and thoughts,” and a historic resolution passed in November this year equating him with Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping.
The third resolution was adopted at the 6th plenary session of the Central Committee and paves the way for a third presidential term starting next year.