Malvinas, Falklands and the Lines on the Map for the United Kingdom – IDN-InDepthNews

Viewpoint from Manish Uprety FRAS and Jainendra Karn

Manish Uprety FRAS is an ex-diplomat and ALCAP’s special adviser on Asia and Africa, and Jainendra Karn is a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Any views or opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of IDN InDepth News.

NEW DELHI (IDN) – A recent one Tweet by Piers Morgan on the imminent and inevitable collapse of the UK recalled the February 2022 Twitter post entitled “Will British brinkmanship result in Argentina getting Malvinas (Falklands) back in 2023-24?.”

An exchange with Twitter Falkland Wars: History of the Falkland Islands on the topic was very enriching. It recalled the previous interaction with Mateo Abel Brunetti, then representative of the Argentine Republic in the youth parliament of the MERCOSUR, PARLASUR, who had mentioned that Argentina has been waiting since 2003 to have a dialogue with Great Britain at the United Nations on the Malvinas. Falklands problem.

Jainendra Karn & Manish Uprety FRAS >

Although the Ukraine-Russia conflict has occupied the global media space since late February, it seems that the Malvinas-Falklands issue is slowly gaining traction in the international community.

During his visit to New Delhi in April 2022, Argentina’s Foreign Minister Santiago Cafiero, while praising India-Argentina relations and discussing bilateral issues such as defense and nuclear energy, also addressed the Malvinas-Falklands issue.

In his article published in The Guardian on April 2, Minister Cafiero claimed that the “cessation of hostilities” in 1982 did not settle the dispute with Britain and urged the resumption of bilateral dialogue.

Indeed, his argument that the mere outcome of armed conflict between Argentina and Britain cannot settle a territorial dispute such as the Malvinas-Falkland Islands is valid.

At the beginning of the 20th century, when Britannia ruled the waves, Argentina was one of the most prosperous places on earth. In 1913 Argentina was wealthier than either France or Germany, almost twice as wealthy as Spain.

With the rise of the US in the 20th century, Argentina, like Britain, gradually lost that privileged place. The country, despite its wealth, failed to create pro-growth institutions, and a series of adverse external shocks also hurt its once successful growth model.

The rise of the US, which was also once a British colony, inspired many other countries to take inspiration from the American struggle for independence. Mahatma Gandhi often referred to and drew inspiration from the American Revolution in his call for Native Americans to resist British hegemony.

In fact, Gandhi’s nonviolent and peaceful activism against the British led to America’s interest in the Indian independence movement. The US government was unwilling to support British colonial rule over India in perpetuity, and the US Congress, the media and the public staunchly supported India’s cause.

A resolution introduced by Senator John J. Blain of Wisconsin on July 17, 1930 directed the State Department to seek a just and peaceful resolution of the situation in India. He condemned Britain’s India policy as responsible for “the most atrocious oppression and the most inhumane conduct”.

Pressure from US opinion, the anti-imperialist stance of the Soviet Union and Chinese support for the cause of India’s freedom (China was then ruled by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek) forced Britain to agree in principle that the transfer of power to India was ‘sine qua non’ ‘ at the end of the war.

On April 14, 2022, Russia urged Argentina and Britain to resume sovereignty talks over the Falkland Islands to settle the sovereignty dispute in line with UN resolutions. China has also pledged its support for Argentina’s claims to the Falkland Islands.

The UK protested China’s support for Argentina’s claim to the Falkland Islands, and British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss was quick to flatly dismiss “any questions about the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands”; The crucial question remains whether Britain today is in any influential or significant position to turn the tide in its own direction.

In December 2020, the UK government’s gross debt was £2,206.5 billion or 104.5% of GDP. With UK inflation hitting 7% in 2022, there is a huge risk half a million children will be thrown into poverty. The cost of living crisis could push more than a million people into poverty in Britain.

Poverty is steadily increasing in Great Britain and not only the UK Poverty Report 2022, but also the Institute of Development Studies explicitly mentions this. It was truly shocking that 22% of the UK population was already living in poverty before the pandemic, but the Covid-19 crisis has pushed disadvantaged households further into poverty.

The latest episode from Councilwoman Diana Butler of UKIP, the party that successfully pushed for Britain’s independence from the EU through its BREXIT campaign, reveals that there is significant dissonance in the UK and the British public over key international strategic issues.

Britain is among the leading voices in favor of economic sanctions against Russia, but as the conflict in Ukraine enters its third month, the Russian ruble has become the world’s best-performing currency against the US dollar, while Russia nearly lost its monthly earnings from fossil fuel sales has doubled to the EU.

Diana Butler had claimed that the Russian attack on Ukraine may have been provoked by the actions of the Ukrainian government, while the British public believes that BREXIT has strengthened rather than weakened Britain’s response to the Ukraine crisis.

Britain’s past is marred by its history of colonization, slavery, plunder, plunder and exploitation on an unprecedented scale and continued mischief and irresponsibility, even as a P-5 member of the United Nations.

Not only is it the latest fiasco in Afghanistan, but Pakistan’s support for the 1971 Bangladesh genocide that led to the creation of Bangladesh, the list of British shenanigans around the world is endless.

It is very easy for Britain to blame the US for the invasion of Iraq and for Tony Blair to convert to Roman Catholicism to wash away his sins leading to the death and annihilation of innocents, but these are particularly signs of responsibility Nation that is a P-5 member.

The United Nations specifically recognized the Malvinas-Falklands territorial dispute in 1965 and passed Resolution 2065 encouraging urgent negotiations between Argentina and Britain.

There have been renewed calls from the region to recognize Argentina’s call to discuss sovereignty over the Falklands, including by the Latin American and Caribbean Parliaments, but Britain has consistently refused to negotiate what Argentina described as “not in accordance with international law”. considered. ”

Whether Britain could be “thrown into the sea” by a Russian underwater nuclear strike is a rhetorical question, but things coming to such a state are not just a sad commentary on the failure of international diplomacy, dialogue and peacekeeping in the 21st century, but also of the growing insignificance of Britain and Europe, which were once a kind of backwater of Asia, and their peoples are some of the poorest in the world.

Holding out in quiet desperation may be the English way, but it helps when the writing on the wall says that the lines on the map can move not only side to side, but also north to south.

All of this could not have come at a worse time. The Office for Budget Responsibility forecasts that real household incomes in the UK will fall by 2.2% in 2022 and that Brits will see the biggest drop in living standards since records began in 1956, burying loved ones in cardboard.

Peace is the only way to progress and prosperity. And who could be a better apostle of peace and non-violence than Mahatma Gandhi, on whose birthday the UN commemorates the International Day of Non-Violence every October 2nd.

Even Britain recognized Mahatma Gandhi’s contributions by unveiling his statute in Parliament Square in Westminster in 2015, albeit alongside that of Winston Churchill, whose well-known hatred of Mahatma Gandhi and Indians.

Who knows if Britain, following the path of peace as shown by Mahatma Gandhi, might agree to give the Falkland Islands to Argentina just as British India was created and agreed to give Pakistan for its Muslim population through the India Independence Act 1947 duly passed by the British Parliament ? Everything is possible.

Sinn Féin will be the largest political force for the first time in a century and the question of Irish reunification is already in the air in Northern Ireland’s general election. Brits like Piers Morgan are openly predicting the “inevitable collapse” of the UK.

But the world cannot afford to have another post-conflict Ukraine flashpoint. Another 78-day Falklands War between Britain and Argentina like in 1982 is unimaginable and would be a disaster in the 21st century.

And for a rapidly declining power like Britain, which is a pale shadow of its past, the sooner it seeks to resolve its international conflicts, the better off. Any passage of time will only diminish and weaken his negotiating and negotiating skills, as procrastination as a political measure only brings diminishing returns.

During the recent visit of Argentine Foreign Minister Santiago Cafiero to India, the Commission for Dialogue on the Malvinas Islands Issue was established by the Argentine Government.

The Commission is keen to promote compliance with United Nations resolutions and statements from other international forums on the Malvinas Islands issue, calling for the resumption of negotiations between Argentina and Britain.

Resolving international disputes and maintaining peace and security are imperatives for the international community. The UN Charter strives for the peaceful settlement of disputes, and the United Nations has always recommended diplomacy and advocated dialogue for the peaceful settlement of disputes.

The pursuit of peace is now more important than ever, and the sooner the Malvinas-Falklands dispute is settled, the better off for both countries – Britain and Argentina – their peoples and the world. [IDN-InDepthNews – 14 May 2022]

Photo: The British destroyer HMS Coventry (D118) underway in the Atlantic, circa 1981. In the background the US Navy frigate USS Bagley (FF-1069). Wikimedia Commons.

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