On this day in history – August 11 – Almanac
Today is Thursday August 11th, the 223rd day of 2022, 142 to come.
The moon is full. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this day are under the sign of Leo. These include songwriter Carrie Jacobs Bond in 1862; composer J. Rosamond Johnson in 1873; art collector Joseph Hirshhorn in 1899; Author Alex Haley in 1921; singer June Hutton in 1920; actor Arlene Dahl in 1925; European socialite Claus von Bülow in 1926; evangelist Jerry Falwell in 1933; columnist Marilyn vos Savant in 1946 (age 76); Pop singer Eric Carmen in 1949 (age 73); Apple Computer co-founder Steve Wozniak in 1950 (age 72); professional wrestler/actor Hulk Hogan, born Terry Gene Bollea in 1953 (age 69); British singer/songwriter Joe Jackson in 1954 (aged 68); Playwright David Henry Hwang in 1957 (aged 65); political commentator David Brooks in 1961 (age 61); Actor Embeth Davidtz in 1965 (age 57); Actor Viola Davis in 1965 (age 57); TV/radio personality Joe Rogan in 1967 (age 55); Actor Anna Gunn in 1968 (aged 54); Actor Will Friedle in 1976 (age 46); Actor Chris Hemsworth in 1983 (age 39); political commentator Tomi Lahren 1992 (age 30); Actor/dancer Alyson Stoner in 1993 (age 29).
On this date in history:
In 1877, Thomas Edison described the basics of the phonograph to an assistant and instructed him to build the first.
In 1934, the first group of federal prisoners classified as “Most Dangerous” reached Alcatraz Island, a 22-acre rocky outcrop 1.5 miles offshore in San Francisco Bay.
In 1943, German forces began evacuating Sicily, Italy, under the Allied threat of World War II.
In 1952, the Jordanian parliament ousted King Talal for being intellectually unfit to govern and proclaimed his 17-year-old son King Hussein. The young king reigned for 43 years until his death on February 7, 1999.
In 1954, a formal proclamation ended the seven-year war in Indochina between France and communist Việt Minh troops.
In 1965, riots broke out in the Watts area of Los Angeles. In six days of violence, 34 people were killed.
In 1984, during an off-air voice check captured by television cameras, US President Ronald Reagan joked: “My fellow Americans, I am pleased to announce today that I have signed a law that will ban Russia forever. We’ll start bombing in five minutes.” The Kremlin wasn’t amused.
In 1991, a Lebanese militant group, the Revolutionary Justice Organization, released US hostage Edward Tracy, 60, who had been held captive for almost five years.
In 1993, US President Bill Clinton endorsed the Brady Bill and signed an executive order banning the import of assault-style semi-automatic handguns.
In 1997, Bill Clinton became the first US President to use the item veto, a power granted by Congress the year before.
In 1998, two boys, ages 12 and 14, were found “delinquent” (the juvenile court equivalent of a guilty verdict) in the fatal shootings of four students and a teacher at their middle school in Jonesboro, Ark.
In 1999, the Kansas State Board of Education voted to remove the theory of evolution from the public school curriculum.
In 2007, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America voted to end disciplining clergymen involved in same-sex relationships.
In 2009, Eunice Kennedy Shriver, younger sister of President John Kennedy, mother of former California First Lady Maria Shriver and founder of Special Olympics, died in a hospital in Cape Cod, Massachusetts. She was 88 years old. She has spent much of her life raising funds for and raising awareness for people with intellectual disabilities.
Oscar winner and comedian Robin Williams died in 2014 at the age of 63 in Tiburon, California. “This is a sudden and tragic loss,” his publicist said. Williams’ wife Susan Schneider said, “The world has lost one of its most beloved artists and most beautiful people.” Williams’ death was ruled a suicide.
In 2016, Michael Phelps became the first swimmer to win four consecutive Olympic gold medals in a single competition.
In 2020, Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden chose Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif. as his running mate. She became the first female vice president when Biden was elected president on November 3, 2020.
In 2021, Sicily unofficially set the new record for the highest recorded temperature in Europe at 119.84 degrees Fahrenheit. The World Meteorological Organization has yet to confirm the record.
A thought for the day: “What is the essence of America? Finding and maintaining that perfect, delicate balance between freedom ‘to’ and freedom ‘from’.” – American writer Marilyn vos Savant